Assessing Career Life Skills Self-efficacy of Students with Special Educational Needs: A Comparative Study in Hong Kong

  • Lan YangEmail author
  • Mantak Yuen
  • Hui Wang
  • Zhuoying Wang
  • Kuen Fung Sin
Part of the Advancing Inclusive and Special Education in the Asia-Pacific book series (AISEAP)


The psychological construct of self-efficacy plays a salient role in students’ pursuit of a career path. Career-related self-efficacy is strongly associated with life satisfaction and emotional well-being. Most of what is known about this construct has come from research with mainstream students in the West, and considerably less attention has focused on students with special educational needs. The limited knowledge we have of SEN students’ career-related self-efficacy may be due to lack of appropriate assessment instruments with sound psychometric properties that can be used across cultures. This chapter reports steps taken to validate such an instrument, the Career Development Self-Efficacy Inventory (CD-SEI), for assessing career life skills self-efficacy in SEN students. The authors describe the use of a short form of CD-SEI in Hong Kong with a sample of SEN students and a comparison group without special needs. Theoretical and practical implications of using this instrument to assess career life skills self-efficacy of SEN students are discussed in light of current career development theories.


Career development Inclusive education Measurement scales Students with special educational needs 



Preparation of this chapter was partially supported by Early Career Scheme funded by University Grant Council, Hong Kong SAR to Dr. Yang Lan, The Education University of Hong Kong (Project number: 28611618).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lan Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mantak Yuen
    • 2
  • Hui Wang
    • 3
  • Zhuoying Wang
    • 4
  • Kuen Fung Sin
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Curriculum and InstructionThe Education University of Hong KongTai PoHong Kong
  2. 2.The University of Hong KongPokfulamHong Kong
  3. 3.Department of Special Education and CounsellingThe Education University of Hong KongTai PoHong Kong
  4. 4.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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