On Contouring Human Development

  • Mukunda MishraEmail author
  • Soumendu Chatterjee


The pattern of cross-country human development is vividly researched for long at the international level. The authentic datasets and serious researches on inequality at the global scale have made the pattern prominent and unfolded the causes. However, the scenario is completely different when we scale down from national to provincial to district and sub-district levels. The pattern of inequality also gets heterogeneous owing to the complicated interaction of diverse factors. However, the effort of exploring this micro-spatial HD is essential to support the policy framing processes as the policymakers are presently getting more confident in decentralized methods of planning. This chapter will focus on vividly the necessity of micro-spatial analysis of HD and notes on how we should proceed.


Contour Micro-spatial HDI pattern IHDI 


  1. Atkinson A (1970) On the measurement of economic inequality. J Econ Theor 2(3):244–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics (2016) Government of Australia.
  3. Banik D (2007) Starvation and India’s democracy. Routledge. ISBN: 9781134134168Google Scholar
  4. Barro RJ, Lee JW (2018) Dataset of educational attainment, Feb 2016 revision. Accessed 15 June 2019
  5. Bartholomew (1889) Atlas of commercial geography. John Bartholomew and Son, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  6. Census of India (2011) Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  7. Chaurasia AR (2019) Empirics of human development in India 1990–2015. Indian J Hum Dev 13(2):135–158. Scholar
  8. Clark C (1967) Von Thunen’s isolated state. Oxford Econ Pap (New Series) 19(3):370–377Google Scholar
  9. Courant R, Herbert R, Ian S (1996) What is mathematics? An elementary approach to ideas and methods. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Dasgupta P (2013) Land access and food security for forest dwellers: an economic analysis for India. Probl Sustain Dev 8(2):27–37Google Scholar
  11. Dasgupta T, Chatterjee RN (2008) Poverty portrayal in the context of rural bengal: a case-study of Purulia district of West Bengal. Stud Tribes Tribals 6(1):1–11. ISSN: 0972-639XGoogle Scholar
  12. Desai K (2008) Isochrones: analysis of local geographic markets. Mayer BrownGoogle Scholar
  13. Foster J, Lopez-Calva L, Szekely M (2005) Measuring the distribution of human development: methodology and an application in Mexico. J Hum Dev Capabilities 6(1):5–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Friedman M (1992) Do old fallacies ever die? J Econ Lit 30:2129–2132Google Scholar
  15. Galton F (1881) On the construction of isochronic passage charts. In: Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society. Royal Geographical SocietyGoogle Scholar
  16. Geographic Educational Standards Project (1994) Geography for life: national geography standards 1994. National Geographic Society, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  17. Gupta S (2014) Coping with poverty and insecurity: a case study of the Kheria Sabar of Puruliya, West Bengal. Int J Mark Technol 4(12):174–190Google Scholar
  18. Haggett P (1990) The geographer’s art. Blackwell Publishing, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  19. Hall P (ed) (1966) Von Thunen’s the isolated state. Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  20. Hartshorne R (1939) The nature of geography. Association of American Geographers, Lancaster, PennsylvaniaGoogle Scholar
  21. Human Development Report 2019 Technical Note (2019) UNDP. Accessed 20 Sept 2019
  22. ICF Macro (2019) Demographic and health surveys. Accessed 15 Apr 2019
  23. IMF (International Monetary Fund) (2019) World economic outlook database. Washington, DC. Accessed 15 July 2019
  24. James PE, Martin G (1981) All possible worlds: a history of geographical ideas. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Kahneman D, Deaton A (2014) High income improves evaluation of life but not emotional well-being. Proc Natl Acad Sci 107(38):16489–16493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Leighly J (1963) Land and life: a selection from the writings of Carl Ortwin Sauer. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  27. Losch A (1954) The economics of location. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  28. Maddison A (2010) Historical statistics of the world economy, 1–2030 AD. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ParisGoogle Scholar
  29. Mishra M, Chatterjee S (2017) An effort of mapping the income inequality in the district of Purulia, West Bengal, India. J Soc Econ Dev 19(1):112–141.
  30. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (2018) Education at a glance 2018: OECD indicators. Paris. Accessed 15 June 2019
  31. Oeppen J, Vaupel JW (2002) Broken limits to life expectancy. Science 296:1029–1031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Penck A (1887) Isochronenkarte der österreichisch-ungarischen Monarchie. Deutsche Rundschau für Geographie und StatistikGoogle Scholar
  33. Price M, Lewis M (1993) The reinvention of cultural geography. Ann Assoc Am Geogr 83(1):1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Quah D (1993) Gallon’s fallacy and tests of convergence hypothesis. Scand J Econ 95:427–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Riley JC (2005) Poverty and life expectancy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  36. Sauer CO (1925) The morphology of landscape. Univ Calif Publ Geogr 2(2):19–53Google Scholar
  37. Sauer CO (1956) The education of a geographer. Ann Assoc Am Geogr 46:287–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Smits J, Permanyer I (2019) The subnational human development database. Sci Data 6:190038. Scholar
  39. Tuan Y-F (1979) Space and place—humanistic perspective. In: Gale S, Olsson G (eds) Philosophy in geography. Springer, NetherlandGoogle Scholar
  40. UNDESA (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs) (2019) World population prospects: the 2019 revision. New York. Accessed 19 June 2019
  41. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute) for Statistics (2019) Data centre. Accessed 11 Apr 2019
  42. UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund) (2019) Multiple indicator cluster surveys. New York. Accessed 15 Apr 2019
  43. United Nations (2018) Human development indices and indicators: 2018 statistical update. United Nations Development Programme, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  44. United Nations Statistics Division (2019) National accounts main aggregate database. Accessed 15 July 2019
  45. Von Thünen JH (1826) Der isolirte Staat in Beziehung auf Landwirtschaft und Nationalökonomie. Wirtschaft & FinanGoogle Scholar
  46. Weber A (1929) Location of industries. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  47. West Bengal Human Development Report (2004) Government of West Bengal.
  48. Williams M (1983) The apple of my eye: Carl Sauer and historical geography. J Hist Geogr 9(1):1–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. World Bank (2019) World development indicators database. Washington, DC. Accessed 15 July 2019

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyDr. Meghnad Saha CollegeItaharIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyPresidency UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations