Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

  • Fabio Scarinci
Part of the Retina Atlas book series (RA)


Retinal Artery Occlusion (RAO) is a vascular disease caused by the temporary blockage of retinal arterioles, leading to retinal infarction, and significant visual loss. RAO was first described by von Graefe’s report as multiple systemic emboli in a patient affected by endocarditis that caused an obstruction of the central retinal artery (von Graefes 1859).



The authors wish to acknowledge Prof. Monica Varano, Prof. Mariacristina Parravano and Dr. Andrea Plateroti of IRCCS Fondazione Bietti who provided part of the images of this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Scarinci
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology, IRCCS – Fondazione BiettiRomeItaly

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