The Digital Age (1981–Present): Complexity and Creativity

  • David H. CropleyEmail author


The final epoch in our study of creativity is the present. Although this spans the period from the 1980s to the present day, historians may eventually differentiate between the early Digital Age (running from the advent of the personal computer (PC) in 1981, to about 2015) and a post-Digital Age. In technological terms, the current part of the Digital Age—what I am suggesting may eventually be recognised separately—is characterised by a new Industrial Revolution, one that we have already discussed under the name Industry 4.0. The First Industrial Revolution is familiar to us from the Age of Enlightenment.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EngineeringUniversity of South AustraliaMawson LakesAustralia

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