Intelligent Traffic Signal Control System Using Machine Learning Techniques

  • Mohammad AliEmail author
  • G. Lavanya Devi
  • Ramesh Neelapu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 655)


Traffic congestion is a huge problem in almost every developing country as the people using private vehicles are increasing each day and the capacity of the road networks is still not up to the mark. Vehicular traffic problem is very common in urban areas as both private vehicles and other public transportation services are huge in number due to the dense population. This problem affects the functioning of the city. Every individual has to schedule his/her day within the 24 hours time limit. However, traffic volumes in urban areas kill potential time of the individuals. Also, huge amounts of fuel is wasted due to the increasing waiting time, particularly at signal points. Additionally, many urban areas are facing severe air pollution issues. This has very high impact on the health and well-being of the society. To address this issue, we need better and efficient infrastructure of the city and proper management of road traffic. Nowadays, the artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are playing an important role in solving many of the real-world problems. We may use these ML techniques to address road traffic management problem. As the manual maintenance is difficult and not sufficient with the increasing number of vehicles on roads, automation of traffic signal management with ML may result in better traffic conditions in urban areas. The idea is to divide the system into two phases. In the first phase, we classify the traffic signal junctions into one of the three different zones. High-level, medium-level, and low-level traffic zones. Support Vector Machine (SVM) algorithm is used for classification. In second phase, we optimize the signal configuration of high-level traffic zones to bring them to either medium-level or low-level traffic zones.


Simulation of urban mobility (SUMO) Traffic signal junction Traffic control interface (TraCI) Traffic zone 


  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Lin Y, Dai X, Li L, Wang F-Y (2018) An efficient deep reinforcement learning model for urban traffic control, 24 Aug 2018Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Codeca L, Harri J (2017) Towards multimodal mobility simulation of C-ITS: the Monaco SUMO traffic scenario. In: IEEE vehicular networking conference (VNC), Torino, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang R, Ishikawa A, Wang W, Striner B, Tonguz O (2019) Intelligent traffic signal control: using reinforcement learning with partial detection. 4 Feb 2019, USAGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mousavi SS, Schukat M, Howley E (2017) Traffic light control using deep policy-gradient and value-function based reinforcement learning. 27 May 2017, GalwayGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yang K, Tan I, Menendez M (2017) A reinforcement learning based traffic signal control algorithm in a connected vehicle environment. In: 17th swiss transport research conferenceGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Guo M, Wang P, Chan C-Y, Askary S (2019) A reinforcement learning approach for intelligent traffic signal control at urban intersectionsGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wei H, Yao H, Zheng G, Li Z (2018) IntelliLight: a reinforcement learning approach for intelligent traffic light control. In: 24th ACM SIGKDD international conference on knowledge discovery and data mining, KDD 2018, London, United KingdomGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
    Lopez PA, Behrisch M, Bieker-Walz L, Erdmann J, Flotterod Y-P, Hilbrich R, Lucken L, Rummel J, Wagner P, WieBner E (2018) Microscopic traffic simulation using SUMO. In: 21st international conference on intelligent transportation systems (ITSC), Maui, HI, USAGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Koh SS, Zhou B, Yang P, Yang Z, Fang H, Feng J (2018) Reinforcement learning for vehicle route optimization in SUMO. In: 20th IEEE international conference on high performance computing and communications, 28–30 June 2018, Exeter, United KingdomGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Systems EngineeringAU College of Engineering (A), Andhra UniversityVisakhapatnamIndia

Personalised recommendations