Air Pollution and Its Abatement

  • Basharat Mushtaq
  • Suhaib A. Bandh
  • Sana Shafi


Air pollution, the unusual interference with the quality of atmosphere by way of addition of contaminants such as smoke, dust, smog, chemicals and vapors, unreasonably interferes with the comfortable enjoyment of life and conduct of business. Caused by many sources including both natural and man-made, air pollution results in a series of devastating impacts on man and his environment including the global environmental disasters like climate change, ozone depletion, and photochemical smog formation. Needing a proper and timely attention it requires an effective abatement strategy which controls the quality of air at surface level in residential, commercial, market, industrial, urban, and workplaces. And the effective abatement strategy includes the technical measures to control the gaseous and particulate pollutants, legislative approaches, substitution of raw materials and modification of the processes involved in the day-to-day activities of humans.


Air pollution Air pollution abatement Air quality assessment Lapse rates Electrostatic precipitators 


  1. Agarwal, A., & Narain, S. (2003). Global warming in an unequal world a case of environmental colonialism. New Delhi: Centre for Science and Environment.Google Scholar
  2. Ahrens, C. D. (1991). Meteorology today: An introduction to weather, climate, and the environment. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  3. Almethen, O. M., & Aldaithan, Z. S. (2017). The state of atmosphere stability and instability effects on air quality. The International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES), 6(4), 74–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Biondo, S. J., & Marten, J. C. (1977). A history of flue gas desulphurization systems since 1850. Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association, 27(10), 948–961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bruce, N. G., Perez-Padilla, R., & Albalak, R. (2000). Indoor air pollution in developing countries: A major environmental and public health challenge. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 78(9), 1078–1092.Google Scholar
  6. Cheremisinoff, N. P. (2002). Handbook of air pollution prevention and control. Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.Google Scholar
  7. Choi, W., Winer, A. M., & Paulson, S. E. (2014). Factors controlling pollutant plume length downwind of major roadways in nocturnal surface inversions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 6925–6940.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Colbeck, I., & Mackenzie, A. R. (1994). Air pollution by photochemical oxidants, air quality monographs (Vol. 1). Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  9. Critchfield, H. J. (1987). General climatology. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India.Google Scholar
  10. De, A. K. (1994). Environmental chemistry. New Delhi: New Age International.Google Scholar
  11. Desai, M. A., Mehta, S., & Smith, K. R. (2004). Indoor smoke from solid fuels: Assessing the environmental burden of disease at national and local levels (Environmental burden of disease series 4). Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  12. Dutton, J. A. (1995). Dynamics of the atmospheric motion. New York: Dover Publications.Google Scholar
  13. Fritz, B., Hoffmann, W. C., Lan, Y., Thomson, S., & Huang, Y. (2008). Low-level atmospheric temperature inversions: Characteristics and impacts on aerial applications. Agricultural Engineering International: The CIGR Journal, X.Google Scholar
  14. Garratt, J. R. (1992). The atmospheric boundary layer (p. 316). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Kaimal, J. C., & Finnigan, J. J. (1994). Atmospheric boundary layer flows (p. 287). North Carolina: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Kankaria, A., Nongkynrih, B., & Gupta, S. K. (2014). Indoor air pollution in India: Implications on health and its control. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 39(4), 203–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kumar, S. (2017). Acid rain-the major cause of pollution: Its causes, effects. International Journal of Applied Chemistry, 13(1), 53–58.Google Scholar
  18. Miller, G. T., Jr. (2004). Environmental science. Cole, CA: Thomson Brroks.Google Scholar
  19. Muralikrishna, I. V., & Manickam, V. (2017a). Air pollution control technologies in environmental management (Science and engineering for industry) (pp. 337–397).Google Scholar
  20. Muralikrishna, I. V., & Manickam, V. (2017b). Air pollution control technologies. Environmental Management, 11(7), 2–8.Google Scholar
  21. Nevers, N. D. (2000). Air pollution control engineering (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  22. Patel, T. S., & Aryan, C. V. (1997). Indoor air quality: Problems and perspectives. In P. R. Shukla (Ed.), Energy strategies and greenhouse gas mitigation (1st ed., p. 72). New Delhi: Allied Publishers.Google Scholar
  23. Peavy, H. S., Rowe, D. R., & Tchobanoglous, G. (1985). Environmental engineering. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  24. Rao, M. N., & Rao, H. V. N. (1996). Air pollution. New Delhi: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  25. Remsberg, E., & Woodbury, G. E. (1982). Stability of the surface layer and its relation to the dispersion of primary pollutant in St. Louis. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology, 22(2), 244–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Saravanan, N. P. (2004). Indoor air pollution: Danger at home. Resonance, 8, 6–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Schnelle, K. B., & Charles, A. B. (2002). Air pollution control technology handbook. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.Google Scholar
  28. Sivasakthivel, T., & Reddy, K. K. S. K. (2011). Ozone layer depletion and its effects: A review. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, 2(1), 30–37.Google Scholar
  29. Sorbjan, Z. (2001). An evaluation of local similarity on the top of the mixed layer based on large- eddy simulations. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 101, 183–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sorbjan, Z. (2003). In P. Zannetti (Ed.), Air-pollution meteorology: Theories, methodologies, computational techniques, and available databases and software (Fundamentals) (Vol. I). Fremont, CA: The EnviroComp Institute.Google Scholar
  31. Sorbjan, Z., & Uliasz, M. (1999). Large-eddy simulation of air pollution dispersion in the nocturnal cloud-topped atmospheric boundary layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 91, 145–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Stern, A. C. (1976). Air pollution. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  33. Stull, R. B. (1973). Inversion rise model based on penetrative convection. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 30, 1092–1099.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Stull, R. B. (1988). An introduction to boundary layer meteorology (p. 666). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Suetsugu, D., & Kogiso, T. (2013). Mantle plumes and hotspots. Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, 7, 5–8.Google Scholar
  36. Tripathi, A., & Ranjan, M. R. (2017). Role of plants in mitigation of air pollution. International Journal of Scientific Research Engineering & Technology (IJSRET), 6(11), 1087–1094.Google Scholar
  37. UNEP. (1994). In J. C. van der Leun, X. Tang, & M. Tevini (Eds.), Environmental effects of ozone depletion: 1994 assessment. Nairobi: United Nations Environment Programme.Google Scholar
  38. U.S. EPA. (1991). Handbook: Control technologies for hazardous air pollutants, EPA/625/6-91/014. Cincinnati, OH.Google Scholar
  39. U.S. Public Health Service. (1969). Air quality criteria for particulate matter (pp. 148–176). Washington, DC: Department of Health, Education and Welfare.Google Scholar
  40. World Health Organization. (1976). Manual on urban air quality management. Copenhagen: World Health Organization.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Basharat Mushtaq
    • 1
  • Suhaib A. Bandh
    • 2
  • Sana Shafi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environment and Water ManagementSri Pratap College Campus, Cluster UniversitySrinagarIndia
  2. 2.Post Graduate Department of Environmental ScienceSri Pratap College Campus, Cluster UniversitySrinagarIndia
  3. 3.Department of Higher EducationSri Pratap College, Cluster UniversitySrinagarIndia

Personalised recommendations