Effects of Different Vegetable Oils and Additives in Gearbox Operation and its Condition Monitoring

  • Anupkumar DubeEmail author
  • M. D. Jaybhaye
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


There is significant worldwide attention in recent time on condition-based intensive care of gear transmission systems across the globe from both industries and academia. The reason behind this is an effective CBM will always extend the life span of the rotating equipment and helps in reducing maintenance cycles. For the mechanical component’s good working cycle, different entities such as lubrication oil properties, operating speed, load condition, lubrication [oil and additives], temperature, and wear component are the major parameters which play contributory role. Vegetable oil as lubricants has many good and useful physicochemical properties. Vegetable oils possess high lubricity, viscosity Index, flash point, and low losses in evaporative. In this research work, a comparative behavior study of a designed worm gear test rig is done between selected commercial gear oil (HP EP 90) and natural edible and non-edible vegetable oils (used as gear oils) (natural coconut and castor oil) with and without additives (garlic oil and rapeseed oil). The temperature analyzing techniques were used to describe the performance of worm gear system as a function of load applied on the worm, and the temperature responses of a worm gear are plotted with varying loading conditions for the selected oils and additives. A mechanical closed-loop test rig is developed for carrying out this work.


HP EP 90 Coconut oil Castor oil Garlic oil Rapeseed oil Worm gear box Oils Additives 


  1. 1.
    Opalić M (1984) Prilogistraživanjuopteretivostibokovapužnih kola pužnihprenosnika. In: Contribution to study carrying capacity flanks of worm wheel of worm gear, Ph. D. thesis. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb, CroatiaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Szeri AZ (1998) Fluid film lubrication—theory and design. Cambridge University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ruggieroa A, D’Amato R, Merola M, Valášek P (2017) Tribological characterization of vegetal lubricants: comparative experimental investigation on jatropha curcas L oil, rapeseed methyl ester oil, hydrotreated rapeseed oil. Tribol Int 109:529–540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Thottackkad MV, Perikinalil RK, Kumarapillai PN (2012) Experimental evaluation on the tribological properties of coconut oil by the addition of CuO nano particles. Int J Precision Eng Manufact 13(1):111–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mannekote JK, Kailas SV (2011) Experimental investigation of coconut and palm oils as lubricants in four stroke engine. Tribol Online 6(1):76–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Li W, Jiang C, Chao M, Wang X (2014) Natural garlic oil as a high-performance, environmentally friendly, extreme pressure additive in lubricating oils. ACS Publication, pp 798–803Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jayadas NH, Nair KP, Ajithkumar G (2007) Tribological evaluation of coconut oil as an environment-friendly lubricant. Tribol Int 40:350–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wu X, Zhao Q, Zhang M, Li W, Zhaoa G, Wang X (2014) Tribological properties of castor oil tris (diphenyl phosphate) as a high-performance antiwear additive in lubricating greases for steel/steel contacts at elevated temperature. Royal Soc Chem 4(97):54760–54768Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shanhua Q, Xuliang C, Liguo L, Qingzhong L (2016) Tribological properties of the castor oil affected by the additive of the ionic liquid [HMIM] BF4. J Tribol 138(1)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Penga Z, Kessissogloub NJ, Coxa M (2005) Study of the effect of contaminant particles in lubricants using wear debris and vibration condition monitoring techniques. Int J Sci Technol Friction 258(11–12):1651–1662Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gnanasekaran D, Chavidi VP (2018) Vegetable oil based bio lubricants and transformer fluids applications in power plants, materials forming, machining and tribology. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mobarak HM, Mohamad N, Masjuki HH, Kalam MA, Al Mahmud KAH, Habibullah M, Ashraful AM (2014) The prospects of bio lubricants as alternatives in automotive applications. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 33:34–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Karmakar G, Ghosh P, Sharma BK (2017) Chemically modifying vegetable oils to prepare green lubricants. LubricantsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Production Engineering and Industrial ManagementCollege of Engineering PunePuneIndia

Personalised recommendations