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Computational Analysis of Dual Expander Aerospike Nozzle

  • Aswith R. ShenoyEmail author
  • T. S. Sreekumar
  • Pranav Menon
  • Gerogi Alex
Conference paper
  • 11 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

To increase the performance of current space launch capability new rocket designs are required. One concept that would undertake this need is an aerospike nozzle. The aerospike nozzle has proved its better performance compared to conventional bell nozzles. The major advantage of the aerospike nozzle is its altitude compensating ability since the expansion of the jet is not bounded by a wall. In the case of dual expander aerospike nozzle (DEAN) it uses separate expander cycles for both fuel and oxidizer with an aerospike nozzle. The present study includes the design of the combustion chamber and nozzle of the DEAN and its numerical analysis for producing a thrust of 2000 KN and a specific impulse of 420 s. The given input conditions are exit Mach number of 3.9, combustion chamber pressure and temperature of 180 bar and 3818 K and use kerosene as fuel and liquid oxygen as oxidizer with a mixture ratio of 2.65. The validation of the design is done with ANSYS FLUENT and a C++ program is prepared for the development of geometry of the combustion chamber and nozzle of the DEAN. The designed nozzle produces a specific impulse of 472 s.

Keywords

Aerospike nozzle Dual expander aerospike nozzle Numerical analysis Specific impulse 

References

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    Hammond W (2001) Design methodologies for space transportation systems. AIAAGoogle Scholar
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    Humble RW (1995) Space propulsion analysis and design. McGraw-Hill IncGoogle Scholar
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    Martin DF (2008) Computational design of upper stage chamber, Aerospike, & cooling jacket of dual-expander rocket engine. MS Thesis, Air Force Institute of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Simmons J, Branam R (2011) Parametric study of dual-expander aerospike nozzle upper stage rocket engine. AIAA J Spacecraft Rockets 48(2):355–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Angelino G (1964) Approximate method for plug nozzle design. AIAA 2(10)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aswith R. Shenoy
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. S. Sreekumar
    • 1
  • Pranav Menon
    • 1
  • Gerogi Alex
    • 1
  1. 1.Albertian Institute of Science and Technology, AISATKochiIndia

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