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Biosynthesis and Applications of Metal Nanomaterials

  • Shweta Kishen
  • Akshita Mehta
  • Reena GuptaEmail author
Chapter
  • 69 Downloads
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 126)

Abstract

Biosynthesis of nanoparticles is an emerging technology with conventional methods. Green synthesis of metal nanoparticles (MNPs) has been done from various biological materials like bacteria, fungi and plants extracts. Leaves extracts contain phytochemicals which play a major role in formulating and enhancing bioactivity of nanoparticles. Two main approaches used to synthesize nanoparticles are “top-down” and “bottom-up” approaches. Studies on green biosynthesis of MNPs particularly focus on copper, cobalt, silver, gold, platinum, zirconium, palladium, iron, cadmium and metal oxides such as titanium oxides, zinc oxides. These various MNPs have diverse applications in food industries, drug delivery system, nano-filtration, UV-protectant paints, biomedical field, agricultural, environmental and physiochemical areas. They also have applications as artificial enzymes, nanocatalysts, lubricant additives and as therapeutic agents. This chapter mainly pivots around the biosynthesis and applications of green and advanced nanomaterials.

Keywords

Nanoparticles Nanocatalyst Bioactive Biomedical Ultraviolet 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The support from Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India, to Department of Biotechnology, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla (India), is thankfully acknowledged.

Conflict of Interests

The author(s) declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this article.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyHimachal Pradesh UniversitySummerhill, ShimlaIndia

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