Advertisement

Urbanism and Superblock Mixed-Use Development in Jakarta: Politics of Gentrification of Post-Suharto Indonesia

  • Bagoes Wiryomartono
Chapter
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

Despite the Post-Suharto Indonesia has been marked and characterized by the reformation for democratic governance, the New Order’s liberal economic policy for urban and land development has been continuously implemented. Accordingly, the private sector has been given more power for property and land development, while the central government is only responsible for general policy but leaves its detailed implementation to municipalities in terms of regulatory partnership with the private sector. The policy embarks its direction from the vision of capitalistic accumulation and economic growth with less regard to social justice and public interest. This study examines the implementation of the liberal urban development policy with a focus on the intensification of land use. The case study is to scrutinize mixed-used developments in Jakarta; the core of the discussion and historical analysis of this study is the confrontation with the principles of good urbanism in terms of sustainable community and social justice based on Indonesian sociocultural roots.

Keywords

Superblock Gentrification Capitalist development Kemang Village Podomoro City 

References

  1. Agung Podomoro Group (2012) Agungpodomoro.com. Accessed 24 Apr 2015. https://www.agungpodomoro.com/index.php?i=3&s=16&cid=9&lang=ind
  2. Anderson B (2006) Imagined communities, reflection on the origin and spread of nationalism. Verso, London and New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Anderson BRO’G (2007) The idea of power in Javanese culture. In: Holt C (ed) Culture and politics in Indonesia. Equinox, London, pp 1–70Google Scholar
  4. Bappenas_BPS_UN Population Fund (2013) Indonesia population projection. BAPPENAS RI, JakartaGoogle Scholar
  5. BCI Asia (2012) Big ten of construction developers in Indonesia. Building and Construction Interchange of Asia, Hongkong. https://www.bciasia.com/
  6. Bertrand J (2004) Nationalism and ethnic conflict in Indonesia. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  7. Bertrand J (2013) Political change in Southeast Asia. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bisnis Indonesia (2016) Indonesia Darurat Bank Tanah, Aug 30. Accessed 30 Aug 2016. https://industri.bisnis.com/read/20160513/45/547112/indonesia-darurat-bank-tanah
  9. Blau E (2014) A capital without nation: red architecture in Vienna and spatial politics between world wars. In: Milkenberg M (ed) Power and architecture: the construction of capitals and the politics of space. Berghahn, New York, pp 178–207Google Scholar
  10. BPS DKI Jakarta Selatan (2014) Mampang Prapatanin figures. Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Administrasi Jakarta Selatan, JakartaGoogle Scholar
  11. Budihardjo E (1997) Preservation and conservation of cultural heritage in Indonesia. Gadjah Mada University Press, YogyakartaGoogle Scholar
  12. Castle J, Manuwoto A (2011) Indonesia: political pulse 2010. Equinox, JakartaGoogle Scholar
  13. Colliers International (2012) Research and forecast report: Jakarta retail market. Accessed 24 Apr 2015. https://www.colliers.com/~/media/files/apac/indonesia/pdf/jakarta_retailmarket_report_2q_2012.pdf
  14. Cribb R (2000/2013) Historical atlas of Indonesia. Curzon Press, SurreyGoogle Scholar
  15. Deviani I (2015) Apartemen Jadi Gaya Hidup Kaum Muda, Mar 06. Accessed 27 Apr 2015. https://www.mediaindonesia.com/mipagi/read/8984/Apartemen-Jadi-Gaya-Hidup-Kaum-Muda/2015/03/06
  16. Ellin N (2012) Good urbanism: six steps to creating prosperous places. Island Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  17. Geertz C (1960) The religion of Java. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  18. Gerke S (2000) Global lifestyles under local conditions: the new Indonesian middle class. In: Chua BH (ed) Consumption in Asia: lifestyles and identities. Routledge, London and New York, pp 135–158Google Scholar
  19. Gooptu N (2011) Economic liberalization, urban politics and the poor. In: Ruparelia S, Reddy S, Hariss J (eds) Understanding India’s new political economy: a great transformation? Taylor and Francis, London, pp 35–48Google Scholar
  20. Gordon DLA (2012) Battery Park City: politics and planning on the New York 2012. Routledge, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Green J (2011) The Dirt_American Society of Landscape Architects, Aug 02. Accessed 25 Apr 2015. https://dirt.asla.org/2011/02/08/interview-with-peter-calthorpe-author-of-urbanism-in-the-age-of-climate-change/
  22. Harinowo C (2008) The Jakarta Post, Sept 16. Accessed 22 Apr 2015. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2008/09/16/economic-growth-the-rise-indonesian-middle-class.html
  23. Harvey D (2008) The right to the city. New Left Rev 53:23–40Google Scholar
  24. Hudalah D, Winarso H, Woltjer J (2014) Gentrifying the peri-urban: land use conflicts and institutional dynamics at the Indonesian Mentropolis. Urban Stud 1–16Google Scholar
  25. Jacobs J (1961) The death and life of the Great American cities. Random House, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. Kelly SB (2004) Community planning: how to solve urban and environmental problems. Rowman & Littlefield, LanhamGoogle Scholar
  27. Knight N, Heazle M (2011) Understanding Australia’s neighbours: an introduction to East and Southeast Asia. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Krismantari I (2010) Superblock: dream or nightmare? Accessed 07 May 2015. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/10/23/superblock-dream-or-nightmare.html
  29. Lippo Homes Group Kemang Village (2015) Kemang Village.com. Accessed 24 Apr 2015. https://www.kemangvillage.com/white_glove_services.php
  30. Mackie J (2010) Patrimonialism: the new order and beyond. In: Aspinall E, Fealy G (eds) Soeharto’s new order and its legacy: essays in honour of Harold Crouch. ANU E Press, Canberra, pp 81–98Google Scholar
  31. Parmer NJ (2012) Historical perspectives of Chinese populations in Southeast Asia. In: Amstrong MJ, Amstrong RW, Mulliner K (eds) Chinese populations in contemporary Southeast Asian Societies: identities, interdependence and international influence. Routledge, London, pp 18–54Google Scholar
  32. Podomoro City (2012) Podomoro City. Podomorocity.com, Jakarta. Accessed 5 May 2015. https://www.podomorocity.com/html/site_plan.php
  33. Republika Online (2009) Republika Online, Feb 12. Accessed 24 Apr 2015. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/shortlink/30913
  34. Robinson R (1986) Indonesia, the rise of capital. Allen & Unwin, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  35. Robinson R (2006) Corruption collusion and nepotism after Suharto: Indonesia past or future? Spring. Accessed 22 Apr 2015. https://www.iias.nl/sites/default/files/IIAS_NL40_13.pdf
  36. Sadli M (1972) Indonesia. In: Drysdale P (ed) Direct foreign investment in Asia and the Pacific. Australian National University Press, Canberra, pp 201–205Google Scholar
  37. Shin HB (2015) Economic transition and speculative urbanisation in China: gentrification versus dispossession. Urban Stud. Accessed 04 Aug 2015. https://eprints.lse.ac.uk/62608/
  38. Simadjuntak D (2013) Beyond wealth and pleasant posture: exploring elite competition in the patronage democracy of Indonesia. In: Abbink J, Salverda T (eds) The anthropology of elites: power, culture, and the complexities of distinction. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp 95–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Smith N (1979) Toward a theory of gentrification: a back to the city by capital not people. J Am Plann Assoc 538–592Google Scholar
  40. Smith DP (2004) “Studentification Ication”: gentrification factory? In: Atkinson R, Bridge G (eds) Gentrification in a global context. Routledge, London, pp 73–90Google Scholar
  41. Taddjoedin MZ (2014) Explaining collective violence in contemporary Indonesia: from conflict to cooperation. Palgrave Macmillan, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. The Jakarta Post (2007) City planners factor in Superblock solution. Accessed 07 May 2015. https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2007/09/01/city-planners-factor-superblock-solution.html-0
  43. van Klinken G (2007) Communal violence and democratization in Indonesia: small town wars. Routledge, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wie TK (2006) Policies for private sector development in Indonesia. ADB Institute discussion paper 46. Asian Development Bank, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  45. Winarta FH (2009) Suara Rakyat Hukum Tertinggi. Penerbit Buku Kompas, JakartaGoogle Scholar
  46. Znoj H (2007) Deep corruption in Indonesia: discourse, practices and histories. In: Anders G, Monique N (eds) Corruption and the secret of law: a legal anthropological perspective. Ashgate, Surrey, pp 53–76Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bagoes Wiryomartono
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ScholarTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations