Sustainable Agricultural Approaches for Enhanced Crop Productivity, Better Soil Health, and Improved Ecosystem Services

  • Lala Saha
  • Kuldeep BauddhEmail author


Agriculture is an important sector that provides food, fiber, and fuel, and other vital commodities which possibly sustains life on Earth. In recent time, the growing human population demands a large amount of agriculture commodities to fulfill the need. Therefore, agriculture has been escalating rapidly, which introduced various modern practices and technologies that affect the environment in many ways. The excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides contaminates the air, water, and soil. Although the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides enhances crop productivity, it also deteriorates the soil health. There is a need to explore the economically sound and ecologically viable alternatives which can address these concerns. Numerous sustainable cropping practices like the application of biofertilizer, slow-release fertilizers, biochar, vermicompost, zero or low tillage, etc., have been investigated and found substantially effective. In the present chapter, a thorough discussion about these technologies has been made. Moreover, how these technologies can be incorporated with modern/corporate agricultural tools has also been explored.


Climate change Organic farming Soil pollution Sustainable development Traditional agriculture 



The authors are thankful to the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), New Delhi, India, for the award of research grant (EEQ/2017/000476).


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceCentral University of JharkhandRanchiIndia

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