Formation of Slums and Slums Upgrading Initiatives in Bangladesh
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In the year 2008, the total urban population outstripped the rural population throughout the world. The majority of people who started to live in urban areas created an enormous amount of pressure on the existence of cities and this influenced the growth of a large number of slum population in most of the countries of the world. Like other countries, Bangladesh has also experienced the growth of slum population. Most importantly, people who are coming to the cities for their livelihoods do not have tenure of land, and thus, they start to reside anywhere they find vacant. Thus, this chapter explores why slums form globally and later in the context of Bangladesh. In addition to this, slum upgrading initiatives in the country have been discussed briefly.
KeywordsSlum Slum formation Slum relocation Slum upgradation Population growth Rural–urban migration Migration Agriculture Displacement Climate change Political struggle Industrial growth Urban governance Globalization Response of the government Garment industry Slum upgrading initiatives Community-driven initiatives Slum welfare Kingshuk LPUPAP UPPRP SIP DSK ASEH DMP PSTC Slum development SHEVA CUP CARE-Bangladesh IFSP BUILD STWSSSP Bangladesh
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