Optimization of Friction Stir Welding Parameters Using Taguchi Method for Aerospace Applications

  • K. Ramesha
  • P. D. Sudersanan
  • N. SanthoshEmail author
  • G. Ravichandran
  • N. Manjunath
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering book series (LNMUINEN)


The current research work investigated the optimization of the input parameters for the friction stir welding of AA3103 and AA7075 aluminum alloys for its applications in aerospace components. Friction stir welding is rapidly growing welding process which is being widely used in aerospace industries due to the added advantage of strong strengths without any residual stresses and minimal weld defects, in addition to its flexibility with respect to the position and direction of welding. Thus, the demand for this type of welding is very high; however, the welding of aluminum alloys is a key aspect for its use in aircraft components, particularly with respect to bracket mounting frames, braces and wing components. Henceforth in the current work, research is focused on optimization of welding of aluminum alloys, viz. AA 3103 and AA 7075; AA 3103 is a non-heat treatable alloy which is having good weldability, while AA 7075 is having higher strength. Therefore, the welding of these aluminum alloys will produce superior mechanical properties. The optimization of input parameters was accomplished in this work based on L9 orthogonal array designed in accordance with Taguchi method—using which the friction stir welding experiment was conducted. There were nine experimental runs in total after formulating the L9 orthogonal array table in Minitab software. The input parameters which were selected for optimization were—tool rotation speed, feed rate, tool pin profile. The output parameters which were optimized were hardness, tensile strength and impact strength. In addition, the microstructure of the fractured surfaces of the friction stir welded joint was analyzed. It was found from the optimization of the process parameters that strong friction stir welded joints for aerospace applications can be produced at an optimized set of parameters of tool rotational speed of 1100 rpm, traverse speed of 15 mm/min with a FSW tool of triangular pin profile of H13 tool steel material.


AA3103 AA7075 Friction stir welding H13 tool steel Taguchi orthogonal array Minitab Aerospace Components 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Ramesha
    • 1
  • P. D. Sudersanan
    • 1
  • N. Santhosh
    • 2
    Email author
  • G. Ravichandran
    • 2
  • N. Manjunath
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringDr. T. Thimmaiah Institute of TechnologyKolar Gold FieldsIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Automobile EngineeringCHRIST (Deemed to be University)BengaluruIndia
  3. 3.Department of Sciences and HumanitiesCHRIST (Deemed to be University)BengaluruIndia

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