• Yinyan Zhang
  • Shuai Li


In this chapter, we present some background about the topics discussed in this book. Specifically, we introduce definition of collective machine behavior, the basic knowledge about consensus of multi-agent systems, and some theoretical tools such as graph theory that are useful when dealing with relevant problems. This chapter is relative preliminary, and thus for readers with relevant background, it can be directly passed.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yinyan Zhang
    • 1
  • Shuai Li
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Cyber SecurityJinan UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.School of EngineeringSwansea UniversitySwanseaUK

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