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Biogenic Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles and Their Potential Application in Agriculture

  • Fatemeh Graily-Moradi
  • Ayda Maadani Mallak
  • Mansour GhorbanpourEmail author
Chapter
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Abstract

Nanotechnology is a new approach for the production of particles with unique features at the nanoscale dimensions. Among the various routes available for the synthesis of these nanoparticles, biogenic synthesis is a simple, low-cost, and eco-friendly method. The biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles is provided by various natural sources including plants, fungi, bacteria, actinomycetes, yeasts, and algae. Gold nanoparticles of various shapes and sizes are synthesized using biomass and/or extract of the organism. Enzymes secreted by microorganisms and metabolites of plants act as reducing, stabilizing, and capping agents for the production of the nanoparticles. The gold nanoparticles have antibacterial/antifungal properties that can be used to protect plants against pathogens. In addition, they can be applied for pesticide identification and water purification. This chapter focuses on the biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles, their characterization, and application in agriculture.

Keywords

Agriculture Biogenic synthesis Biosynthesis Extracellular Gold nanoparticle Intracellular Nanotechnology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatemeh Graily-Moradi
    • 1
  • Ayda Maadani Mallak
    • 2
  • Mansour Ghorbanpour
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran
  2. 2.Department of Soil Science, Faculty of AgricultureFerdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran
  3. 3.Department of Medicinal Plants, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesArak UniversityArakIran

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