Advertisement

Modelling and Analysis of Seeding Robot for Row Crops

  • Cino Mathew Jose
  • A. P. SudheerEmail author
  • M. D. Narayanan
Conference paper
  • 53 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

Agriculture in India relies on light and heavy machinery managed manually by farmers. In such cases, the output is affected by the availability of manual labour. This brings about a scope of automation to ease the efforts taken by farmers. Currently, available agriculture robots are very expensive and big sized. This makes it difficult for small/medium farmers to introduce automation into their fields. This paper mainly focuses on modelling of a farming robot that is compact and suitable for small-scale farming. An innovative precision seeding mechanism is designed based on vacuum pressure. A dual prismatic–revolute (2PR) robotic manipulator with a soil drill as the end effector guides the seed into its position after digging the soil to appropriate depth. The seeder is designed to seed at desired inter-crop distances in multiple rows at a single pass. The 2PR robotic manipulator is supported on a wheeled base to enable mobility through rough terrains.

Keywords

Precision agriculture Agricultural robotics Denavit–Hartenberg convention Wheeled mobile robot 

References

  1. 1.
    Labour in Indian agriculture: a growing challenge, FICCI Agriculture report 2015. http://www.ficci.in. Last accessed 03 March 2019
  2. 2.
    Kushwaha H, Sinha J, Khura T, Kushwaha D, Ekka U, Purushottam M, Singh N (2016) Status and scope of robotics in agriculture. In: International conference on emerging technologies in agricultural and food engineering, Kharagpur, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yang H, Zhang L (2014) Research on the development of agricultural mechanical automation in mechanical engineering. Appl Mech Mater 454(2014):23–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shibusawa S (2003) Precision farming approaches for small scale farms. IFAC ProcV 34(11):22–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Haibo L, Shuliang D, Zunmin L, Chuijie Y (2015) Study and experiment on a wheat precision seeding robot. J Rob 2015:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bak T, Jakobsen H (2004) Agricultural robotic platform with four wheel steering for weed detection. Biosys Eng 87(2):125–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kim G, Kim S, Hong Y, Han K, Lee S (2012) A robot platform for unmanned weeding in a paddy field using sensor fusion. In: 2012 IEEE international conference on automation science and engineering (CASE). IEEE, Seoul, pp 904–907Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Karayel D, Barut Z, Özmerzi A (2004) Mathematical modelling of vacuum pressure on a precision seeder. Biosys Eng 87(4):437–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Minfeng J, Yongqian D, Hongfeng Y, Haitao L, Yizhuo J, Xiuqing F (2018) Optimal structure design and performance tests of seed metering device with fluted rollers for precision wheat seeding machine. In: IFAC-papers on line, pp 509–514Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Iacomi C, Popescu O (2015) A new concept for seed precision planting. In: Agriculture and agricultural science procedia, pp 38–43Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Muir P, Neuman C (1986) Kinematic modelling of wheeled mobile robots. Technical Report CMURI-TR-86–12Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tarokh M, McDermott G (2015) Kinematics modelling and analyses of articulated rovers. IEEE Trans Rob 21(4):539–553CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of Technology CalicutKozhikodeIndia

Personalised recommendations