Assessment of Lean Manufacturing Using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) on Value-Stream Maps

  • L. N. Pattanaik
  • Ch. Koteswarapavan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Lean manufacturing is considered to be a holistic approach to improve manufacturing practice by reducing various types of wastes. This area of research attracts the attention of researchers from academia and industries in recent times. This research paper presents a leanness assessment methodology using value-stream mapping, a prominent lean tool. Slack-based measure, a method of the data envelopment analysis, is used here to assess the leanness. A case study of a manufacturing system along with its value-stream map is considered to illustrate the application of the methodology. The value-added and non-value-added activities are also considered during the lean assessment. The leanness measure quantitatively expresses the extent of leanness in the firm and the scopes for further improvement. By utilizing lean score, the improvements in lean activities can be initiated. The methodology for leanness assessment can be useful in industrial practice for achieving the goal of manufacturing excellence.


Lean manufacturing Lean assessment Data envelopment analysis Value-stream mapping Slack-based measure 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. N. Pattanaik
    • 1
  • Ch. Koteswarapavan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Production EngineeringBirla Institute of TechnologyMesraIndia

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