Advertisement

Electricity Planning for Bangladesh Under Various Scenarios

  • Dewan Mowdudur RahmanEmail author
  • Anand B. Rao
Conference paper
  • 36 Downloads
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)

Abstract

Bangladesh, the eighth most populous country in the world, is facing an acute problem in managing the energy demand. Its gas reserve, on which it has been dependent for years, is depleting. However, the energy demand will keep on increasing as Bangladesh has already set the goals to become a higher middle-income country by the year 2021 and a high-income country by 2041, with per capita electricity consumption of 600 and 1500 kWh, respectively. Although the annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of Bangladesh are quite low (0.37 tCO2 / capita / year), Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries to the impacts of climate change. According to the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) submitted by Bangladesh, it is committed to reduce GHG emissions by 5% (with respect to the base year 2011) from business-as-usual levels by 2030. However, it is planning to have 35% coal-based electricity generation by 2041, resulting in 400% increase in GHG emission from power sector alone. In such context, this study examines the current energy plans in Bangladesh (Power Sector Master Plan, i.e., PSMP 2016) and proposes an alternative energy mix for the next couple of decades.

Keywords

Electricity generation planning PSMP Bangladesh 

References

  1. 1.
    World Bank, Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita) (2017), http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNP.PCAP.CD?locations=BD
  2. 2.
    P. Marro, N. Bertsch, Making renewable energy a success in Bangladesh: getting the business model right. Asian Dev. Bank 41, 1–27 (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E.U. Khan, A.R. Martin, Review of biogas digester technology in rural Bangladesh. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 62, 247–259 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ministry of Power Energy and Mineral Resources of Bangladesh Government, Power Sector Master Plan 2016, Bangladesh (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ministry of Environment and Forests of Bangladesh Government, Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC), Bangladesh (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
    United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Reports (2017), http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/trends
  8. 8.
    M.K. Mujeri, T.T. Chowdhury, Quick rental power plants in Bangladesh: an economic appraisal. Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (2013), pp. 1–43Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ministry of Environment and Forests of Bangladesh Government, Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan 2008, Bangladesh (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D.M. Raman, Energy Planning for Bangladesh: Challenges and Opportunities, Master’s thesis, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, 2017, pp. 1–104Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    World Bank, Electric power transmission and distribution losses (% of output) (2017), http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.ELC.LOSS.ZS?locations=BD
  12. 12.
    Bangladesh Power Development Board, Annual Report 2015–16, Bangladesh (2017)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Infrastructure Development Company Limited, Annual Report 2014–15, Bangladesh (2016)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bangladesh Power Development Board, Annual Report 2014–15, Bangladesh (2016)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ministry of Power Energy and Mineral Resources of Bangladesh Government, Renewable Energy Policy of Bangladesh, Bangladesh (2008)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Asian Development Bank, Wind Energy Future in Asia (2012)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ministry of Power Energy and Mineral Resources of Bangladesh Government, Environmental Impact Assessment of 2x (500–660) MW Coal Based Thermal Power Plant, Bangladesh (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Energy Science and EngineeringIIT BombayMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas and Interdisciplinary Program in Climate StudiesIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations