Electricity Planning for Bangladesh Under Various Scenarios

  • Dewan Mowdudur RahmanEmail author
  • Anand B. Rao
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


Bangladesh, the eighth most populous country in the world, is facing an acute problem in managing the energy demand. Its gas reserve, on which it has been dependent for years, is depleting. However, the energy demand will keep on increasing as Bangladesh has already set the goals to become a higher middle-income country by the year 2021 and a high-income country by 2041, with per capita electricity consumption of 600 and 1500 kWh, respectively. Although the annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of Bangladesh are quite low (0.37 tCO2 / capita / year), Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries to the impacts of climate change. According to the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) submitted by Bangladesh, it is committed to reduce GHG emissions by 5% (with respect to the base year 2011) from business-as-usual levels by 2030. However, it is planning to have 35% coal-based electricity generation by 2041, resulting in 400% increase in GHG emission from power sector alone. In such context, this study examines the current energy plans in Bangladesh (Power Sector Master Plan, i.e., PSMP 2016) and proposes an alternative energy mix for the next couple of decades.


Electricity generation planning PSMP Bangladesh 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Energy Science and EngineeringIIT BombayMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas and Interdisciplinary Program in Climate StudiesIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia

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