Passive Safety System for Two- and Four-Wheeled Vehicles

  • Vatsal Mehta
  • R. Ujwal
  • Rakshith Narun
  • Savan Vachhani
  • Babu Rao Ponangi
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 637)


Multiple passive safety systems such as helmet and seatbelt protection on two- and four-wheeled vehicles are one of the primary concern in today’s life. In this work, physical sensors have be embedded in the helmet and seat belt which will detect the human presence and control the ignition of the engine through a microcontroller. This system is connected to a microcontroller using a short-distance wireless module to transmit a signal to the receiver connected to the ignition system of the vehicle. Ignition in the engine takes place only if the sensor detects a human being wearing the helmet in two-wheelers or seatbelt in four-wheelers. It has an in-built lock system, placed near the engine which would inform the rider to wear the helmet for riding the two-wheeler or to the driver to wear the seatbelt for a four-wheeler. In case of accidents, these systems would prevent the driver from succumbing to injuries due to the absence of a helmet or the seatbelt. The helmet is wireless hardware, which is powered by a rechargeable battery. By using these systems in vehicles, the safety of the rider/driver can be improved by a great margin.


Seatbelt Helmet Microcontroller Sensor 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

All author states that there is no conflict of interest. We used our own data. In result section, Author’s photograph is only used.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vatsal Mehta
    • 1
  • R. Ujwal
    • 2
  • Rakshith Narun
    • 2
  • Savan Vachhani
    • 1
  • Babu Rao Ponangi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringPES UniversityBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of ECEPES UniversityBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Department of PG Studies, Mechanical EngineeringPES UniversityBangaloreIndia

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