Injury Characteristics of Different Dummies Based on Frontal Impact Test

  • Haiming GuEmail author
  • Lei Lou
  • Xiongliren Jiang
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1117)


Crash dummies are one of the essential tools in crash tests, used to simulate injuries of real people in accident. But in fact, vehicle restraint systems are often developed according to specific dummies, and cannot cover all the population, so passengers of different sizes will show different injury characteristics in accidents. This article introduces the types of dummies and injury evaluation indexes. A single factor variable control is used to compare the injury and movement of the 5th, 50th and 95th dummies through sled impact method. The influencing factors of the difference are analyzed from four aspects.


Injury Dummy Sled impact 


  1. 1.
    Namjoshi, D.R., Good, C., Cheng, W.H., et al.: Towards clinical management of traumatic brain injury: a review of models and mechanisms from a biomechanical perspective. Dis. Models Mech. 6(6), 1325–1338 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Petitjean, A., Baudrit, P., Trosseille, X.: Thoracic injury criterion for frontal crash applicable to all restraint systems. SAE Technical Paper (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sun, L., Duan, D., Liu, S., et al.: A research on the optimization of restraint system for the protection of occupants with different statures. Autom. Eng. 11, 1312–1318 (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Arbabi, S., Wahl, W.L., Hemmila, M.R., et al.: The cushion effect. J. Trauma Acute Care Surg. 54(6), 1090–1093 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang, S.C., Bednarski, B., Patel, S., et al.: Increased depth of subcutaneous fat is protective against abdominal injuries in motor vehicle collisions. In: Annual Proceedings/Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, vol. 47, p. 545 (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Untaroiu, C.D., Bose, D., Lu, Y.C., et al.: Effect of seat belt pretensioners on human abdomen and thorax: biomechanical response and risk of injuries. J. Trauma Acute Care Surg. 72(5), 1304–1315 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Turkovich, M., Hu, J., van Roosmalen, L., et al.: Computer simulations of obesity effects on occupant injury in frontal impacts. Int. J. Crashworthiness 18(5), 502–515 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Viano, D.C., Parenteau, C.S., Edwards, M.L.: Crash injury risks for obese occupants using a matched-pair analysis. Traffic Injury Prevent. 9(1), 59–64 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kent, R.W., Forman, J.L., Bostrom, O.: Is there really a “cushion effect”?: a biomechanical investigation of crash injury mechanisms in the obese. Obesity 18(4), 749–753 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Reed, M.P., Ebert-Hamilton, S.M., Rupp, J.D.: Effects of obesity on seat belt fit. Traffic Injury Prevent. 13(4), 364–372 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co., Ltd.TianjinChina

Personalised recommendations