The Chinese Partnerships and “the Belt and Road” Initiative: A Synergetic Affiliation



In 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) whose principles of “extensive consultation, joint efforts, shared and mutual benefits” have been recognized and supported by many countries. More and more countries have actively participated in the construction of BRI. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the Party Central Committee, has put forward the concept of diplomacy with Chinese characteristics by establishing partnerships and kept in mind both the domestic and international situations. To date, China has established more than one hundred partnerships with other countries or international organizations around the world. The year 2014 became the year of China’s diplomatic harvest: China established partnerships with eight countries and upgraded or deepened its partnerships with twenty-two countries. This chapter examines the relationship between Chinese partnerships and the BRI by analyzing the establishment and upgrading of Chinese partnerships with countries that have signed BRI cooperation documents with China. It also looks at the impact of the BRI on the establishment, upgrading and deepening of partnerships.


Chinese partnerships Strategic cooperation BRI 


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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.City University of MacauMacauPeople’s Republic of China

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