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Applications of Carbon Nanostructures Produced in Molten Salts

  • Ali Reza KamaliEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The cathodic exfoliation of graphite in molten salts can be considered as a low-cost and efficient method for the scalable production of carbon nanostructures with various applications including anode materials for Li ion batteries, supercapacitors, ceramic-based composites and adsorbents for removal of organic pollutants. Various nanostructured carbon materials, such as molten salt-produced graphene nanosheets decorated with SnO2 nanocrystals, Sn-filled carbon nanostructures and graphene-wrapped Si nanoparticles can be fabricated for the application as active materials for lithium-ion batteries. As another application, interconnected graphene nanostructures comprising of nanosheets and nanoscrolls were found to exhibit an excellent performance in electrochemical supercapacitor studies. Moreover, slip cast alumina ceramics containing a low amount of molten salt graphene demonstrated higher values of mechanical properties in comparison with that of bare alumina. As another example, 3D graphene nanosheets produced in molten salts exhibit a high dye adsorption performance in a wide range of the solution pH from 2 to 11. The current chapter reviews these applications.

Keywords

Molten salts Graphene Supercapacitors Li-ion batteries Anode Ceramic composites Water purification 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Energy and Environmental Materials Research Centre (E2MC), School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina

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