Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness: Examining the Role of Personal and Country-Level Freedom in Well-Being

  • Sook Ning ChuaEmail author
  • Sefa Awaworyi Churchill
  • Richard Koestner


In this chapter, the authors present a much-needed quantitative study that examines the individual and interactive effects of individual freedom and national freedom on well-being among the elderly. The study analyzes cross-country data from World Values Survey and Freedom House. The result shows that personal freedom does not benefit well-being in a country that is not free. The authors demonstrate that it is possible to experience individual freedom in an unfree country, or conversely, to lack personal freedom in a free country. The authors further highlight the importance of ensuring the political and civil liberties of nations to promote happiness even if one has secured personal freedom.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sook Ning Chua
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sefa Awaworyi Churchill
    • 2
  • Richard Koestner
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychological ScienceNational Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.School of Economics, Finance & MarketingRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyMcGill UniversityMontréalCanada

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