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InECCE2019 pp 451-462 | Cite as

Overview on Fingerprinting Authentication Technology

  • N. SulaimanEmail author
  • Q. A. Tajul Ariffin
Conference paper
  • 30 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 632)

Abstract

This paper addresses the characteristics, technology, and possible future of fingerprints authentication method. Fingerprint physiology makes it an ideal for biometrics authentication, primarily the tiny details located on its surface called minutiae. Fingerprint scanning systems are designed to detect minutiae. Images of detected minutiae are processed through matching algorithms in order to verify a query fingerprint that is identical to a stored fingerprint. However, fingerprint authentication based on minutiae can be easily bypassed and the need for a more secure method is required. With respect to the issue, this work explores the possibility of detecting the thickness of the skin layer within a fingerprint as a method of biometrics authentication. Current thickness measuring methods that are non-invasive for that task are identified as Laser Scanning Microscopy (LSM), Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR). Of the three listed, only OCT and NIR methodology seems viable for simple yet reliable use and can become as promising methods for authentication based on skin layer thickness.

Keywords

Fingerprint Biometrics Skin thickness Authentication Security 

Notes

Acknowledgements

It is acknowledged that this work is supported by the Ministry of Education of Malaysia and the International Islamic University Malaysia under grant FRGS/1/2018/TK04/UIAM/02/24 (FRGS19-003-0611).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringInternational Islamic University MalaysiaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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