Chapter 1 Overview: Reproductive Systems in Aquatic Animals

  • Manabu YoshidaEmail author


Many animals live in aquatic habitats. Regarding reproduction, all terrestrial animals perform internal fertilization, whereas aquatic animals show various reproductive systems: internal fertilization without mating, external fertilization, viviparous, oviparous, and parthenogenesis. In this chapter, I would like to provide an overview of the reproductive systems of aquatic animals and introduce each chapter in this book.


Fertilization Reproductive systems Internal fertilization External fertilization Viviparous Oviparous Hermaphrodite Oocyte maturation Sperm function Assisted reproductive technology 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Misaki Marine Biological StationSchool of Science, The University of TokyoMiuraJapan

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