Comparative Study and Analysis of Human Knee Angle Measurement System

  • S. BoobalanEmail author
  • K. Lakshmi
  • K. N. Thirukkuralkani
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 626)


Human gait analysis is one of the most important tools to drive the actuator of the bionic leg, which is designed and acts on the command received from the gait system. In this article, we implemented the inertial measurement unit (IMU) and image processing system using Kinovea software to measure the human knee angle. A traditional tool called goniometer was used to measure the human knee angle. An updated new modified goniometer is introduced in this project to analyze the human gait system. IMU sensors are interfaced with Arduino, and the data was acquired and stored in the PC for the purpose of further analysis. The Kinovea is one the powerful sports analysis software, which was introduced here to measure the human knee angle measuring in different lightening condition. The comparative human knee angle measurement was studied, in that the acquired data was compared with each other system.


Human gait system Goniometer Inertial measurement unit Kinovea sports software Image processing system Arduino 



Ethical approval—The authors express their sincere thanks to the Management and the Principal of Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, for providing the necessary facilities for the completion of this paper. This study was approved by the ethics committee of Institutional Human Ethics Committee (IHEC), PSGIMS&R Coimbatore, India. The authors state that this study conforms to the ethical standards contribute to human welfare by ensuring a research process that combines the highest integrity and safety of human research participants.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Boobalan
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. Lakshmi
    • 1
  • K. N. Thirukkuralkani
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and ElectronicsSri Krishna College of Engineering and TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and InstrumentationSri Ramakrishna Engineering CollegeCoimbatoreIndia

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