Self-Organisation Process, Accessibility and Principles of Justice

  • Joseph Cho-yam Lau


This chapter focuses on investigating the roles of accessibility and social justice theories in the self-organisation process. Accessibility is a concept in transport planning that is used to measure the ability of an individual to penetrate constraints to reach his desired activities. In the studies of the self-organisation process in the following chapters, the accessibility problems of low-income workers in urban China in overcoming constraints on reaching employment opportunities and non-work activities will be introduced. The low-income workers in the deprived neighbourhoods being studied experience self-organisation processes in which they use their individual decisions and actions to interact with the various government policies and social norms to achieve employment and housing. Many of them have to work long hours or face time conflicts between household duties and employment. As a result, they choose to spend less time pursuing non-work activities, such as social and recreational activities.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Cho-yam Lau
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Hong KongHong KongChina

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