Application of Norwegian Method of Tunnelling (NMT) Principles to Bypass Landslides in Mountainous Terrain

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 62)


Tunnelling to bypass major landslide areas is considered as a good and long-term environmentally friendly solution to reduce an existing hazard. In Norway, hundreds of kilometres of tunnels have been constructed in areas prone to landslides and snow avalanches. Although tunnelling is considered as an expensive mitigation strategy for bypassing landslides, analysis indicate that in some cases the cost of building a tunnel can be repaid by savings in driving costs (fuel) alone over a period of 5-10 years due to reduced driving distances. The other benefits of constructing tunnels in landslide areas include savings in time and increased safety. The Norwegian Method of Tunnelling (NMT) is considered safe, efficient and cost effective compared to other tunnelling techniques. Some aspects of NMT, which are considered safe and cost efficient, are presented. The application of updated rock support techniques, including reinforced ribs of shotctrete (RRS), which is a key component of the Norwegian Method of Tunnelling (NMT), is highlighted.


landslides tunneling rock support reinforced ribs of shotcrete 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Norwegian Geotechnical InstituteOsloNorway

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