Advertisement

Landscape as a Tourism Resource: A Case Study in the Northern Region of Portugal

  • Dália LiberatoEmail author
  • Fernanda A. Ferreira
  • Ana Filipa Azevedo
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 171)

Abstract

This article aims to emphasize the importance and function of the landscape as a tourism resource, increasingly valued in tourism destinations. The landscapes are the subject of discussion and the object of sensitization to the valorisation and preservation in recent years. Nowadays, the landscape has acquired a greater appreciation on the part of society, because it is often assigned values representative by one or more sets of individuals. The valuation of the landscape allowed to create regulations and legislation related to its preservation and maintenance. In this sense, this research focuses on the importance of the landscape as a tourism resource and its impact on the motivation and preferences of the tourist in the northern region of Portugal as a tourism destination. Results demonstrate the preference about “coastal landscape”, followed by “mountain landscape”; also, Porto Metropolitan Area is notably the most visited region in the North of Portugal, followed by the Douro region. Most respondents agree that they usually include viewpoint in their journey plans, emphasizing “natural viewpoints”.

Keywords

Landscape Rural Urban Tourism Resource North of Portugal 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Project “TURNOUT: Desenvolvimento do Turismo Outdoor da Região Norte de Portugal”, with the reference POCI-01-0145-FEDER-032289, and funded by the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER) (through the Operational Programme “Innovation and competitiveness”) and by the Portuguese Foundation for the Development of Science and Technology (FCT), of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education.

References

  1. [1]
    Constanza, R., D’Arge, R., de Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon B., Van Den Belt M.: The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature, 387, 253-260 (1997). http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/387253a0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    De Groot, R. S., Wilson M. A., Buman, R. M. J.: A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem services, goods and services. Ecological Economics, 41(3), 393-408 (2002). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00089-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Millenuim Ecosystem Assessment.: Ecosystems and human well-being: synthesis. Washington DC, USA: Island Press. ISBN 9241563095 (2005). Available: https://www.millenniumassessment.org/documents/document.356.aspx.pdf
  4. [4]
    Wylie, J.: Landscape. Londres, Reino Unido: Routledge. ISBN 0415341434 (2007).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Gkoltsiou, A., Terkenli, T. S.: An interdisciplinary analysis of tourist landscape structure. Tourismos, 7-2, 145-164, (2012). http://www.chios.aegean.gr/tourism/VOLUME_7_No2_art07.pdf.
  6. [6]
    European Landscape Convention.: Landscape dimensions: Reflections and proposals for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention Strasbourg, France: Council of Europe Publishing (2000).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Nučič, M.: Is sustainability science becoming more interdisciplinary over time? Acta geográfica Slovenica, 52-1, 215-236. (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.3986/AGS52109
  8. [8]
    Yázigi, E., Carlos, A. F. A., Cruz, R. C. A.: Turismo - espaço, paisagem e cultura. (pp. 241). São Paulo, Brasil: Hucitec (1996).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Salgueiro, T. B.: Paisagem e Geografia. Revista Portuguesa De Geografia, 36(72), 37-53 (2001). http://doi.org/10.18055/Finis1620
  10. [10]
    Carneiro, M. J., Lima, J., Lavrador Silva, A.: The relevance of landscape in the rural tourism experience: Identifying important elements of the rural landscape. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 23(8-9), 1217-1235. (2015). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2015.1037840CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Bertrand, G.: Paisagem e Geografia Física Global. Cadernos de Ciências da Terra, 8, 141-152, (2014). http://dx.doi.org/10.5380/raega.v8i0.3389.
  12. [12]
    Aranzabal, I., Schmitz, M., & Pineda, F.: Integrating Landscape Analysis and Planning: A Multi-Scale Approach for Oriented Management of Tourist Recreation. Environmental Management, 44(5), 938-951 (2009).Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Marujo, N., Santos. N.: Turismo, turistas e paisagem. Investigaciones Turísticas, 4, 35-48, (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Crouch, D.: Space and place-making: Space, culture and tourism. In Smith, M., Richards, G. (Eds). The Routledge Handbook of Cultural Tourism. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781136324789, (2013).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Cauquelin, A.: A invenção da paisagem. Arte & Comunicação, 93. Edições 70, ISBN: 978-972-44-1404-1, (2008).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Carneiro, M. J., Lima, J., Lavrador Silva, A.: The relevance of landscape in the rural tourism experience: Identifying important elements of the rural landscape. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 23(8-9), 1217-1235, (2015). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2015.1037840CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Cosgrove, D., Daniels, S.: The Iconography of Landscape: Essays on the Symbolic Representation, Design and Use of Past Environments. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (1988). ISBN 978-0521389150Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Breiby, M.: Exploring aesthetic dimensions in a nature-based tourism context. Journal of Vacation Marketing. 20(2), 163–173, (2014). http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/108354215X14400815080361 ISSN 943-3999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Boullón, R.´: Planificación del espacio turístico. (2ª ed) México: Trillas. (1990). Retrieved from: http://www.academia.edu/7023645/Planificaci%C3%B3n_del_espacio_tur%C3%ADstico._Roberto_Boull%C3%B3n. ISBN 968-24-7562-7
  20. [20]
    Schama, S.: Landscape and Memory. Londres, Reino Unido: Harper Collins, ISBN 0679735127, (1995).Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Andrews, M.: Landscape and Western Art. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0192842331, (1999).Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Hose, T. A.: Towards a history of geotourism: Definitions, antecedents and the future. In Prosser, C.D., Burek C.V. The History of Geoconservation. London, UK: Special Publications 300. http://doi.org/10.1144/SP300.5 (2008).MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Hamilton, J.: Volcano. Nature and Culture. Londres, Reino Unido: Reaktion Books. ISBN 9781899170. (2012).Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Erfurt-Cooper, P., Sirgurdsson, H., Lopes, R. M.: Volcanoes and tourism. In Sigurdsson, H. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes. (2nd ed.), (pp. 1283-1300). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier/Academic Press (2015). ISBN 9780123859396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Hudson, B. J.: Waterfalls and the Romantic traveller. In Hose, T. A. (Ed.). Appreciating Physical Landscapes: Three Hundred Years of Geotourism (pp. 41–57). London, UK: Geological Society Special Publications 417, (2016). ISBN 978-1-86239-724-8.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    Andrews, M.: The Search for the Picturesque: Landscape, Aesthetics and Tourism in Britain, 1760-1800. Aldershot, UK: Scholar Press, (1987). ISBN 0804714029.Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    Phillips, A.: Landscape as a meeting ground: Category V Protected Landscapes/Seascapes and World Heritage Cultural Landscapes. In Brown J., Mitchell, N., Beresford, M. The Protected Landscape Approach. Linking Nature, Culture and Community (pp. 19-25). Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN (2005).Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    Roe, M., Taylor, K.: New cultural landscapes. Emerging issues, context and themes. In Roe, M., Taylor, K. New Cultural Landscapes: emerging issues, context and themes (pp. 1-23). Abingdon, UK: Routledge (2014).Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    Zareęba, D.: Ekoturystyka. Varsóvia, Polónia: Scientific Publisher. ISBN 9788301160173, (2010).Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    Briassoulis, H.: Sustainable tourism and the question of the commons. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(4), 1065-1085 (2002). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(02)00021-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Fry, G. L. A., Skar, B., Jerpasen, G., Bakesutuen, V., Erikstad L.: Locating archaeological sites in the landscape: a hierarchical approach based upon landscape indicators. Landscape Urban Planning., 67, 97-108. (2004). http://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(03)00031-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Kvamme, K. L.: One-simple test in regional archaeological analysis: new possibilities through computer technology. American Antiquity, 55(2), 367-381 (1990).  https://doi.org/10.2307/281655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Lock, G., Stancic, Z.: Archaeology and Geographical Information System. Bristol, Reino Unido: Tayler & Francis. ISBN 9780748402083, (1995).Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    Tilley, C. Y.: A phenomenology of landscape: places, paths, and monuments. Oxford, Reino Unido: Berg Publishers. ISBN 9781859730768, (1994).Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    Kalen G.: City Landscape. Beograd: Građevinska knjiga, (2002).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dália Liberato
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fernanda A. Ferreira
    • 2
  • Ana Filipa Azevedo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Hospitality and Tourism of Polytechnic Institute of Porto (ESHT)Vila do CondePortugal
  2. 2.Applied Management Research Unit (UNIAG)School of Hospitality and Tourism of Polytechnic Institute of Porto (ESHT)Vila do CondePortugal

Personalised recommendations