Advertisement

CI Engine Characteristic Investigation by Application of Metal-Based Additives with Biodiesel Blends

  • L. BharathEmail author
  • D. K. Ramesha
Conference paper
  • 3 Downloads
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 169)

Abstract

In the present world scenario, it is challenging to reduce harmful emissions and reduce dependency on conventional petroleum from petroleum dominant countries. Recent research works reveal the suitability of biodiesel derived from vegetable and animal sources is successfully replacing the conventional diesel fuel that is majorly used in various sectors. But more emphasis should be given on works related to usage and effects of metal oxides to various biodiesel blends in order to obtain favorable outcomes. In the present study, method of obtaining biodiesel from WCO is discussed and the effect of titanium oxide (TiO2) metal-based additives taken in three different concentrations (80, 100 and 120 ppm) as an additive to WCO biodiesel on the enhancement of beneficial parameters related to IC engine is discussed. It is observed from the present study that 100 ppm of TiO2 additives into B20 (20% WCO biodiesel with 80% diesel) fuel blend showed better results than conventional diesel and B20 biodiesel.

Keywords

Biodiesel Metal oxides Metal-based additives Titanium oxide Waste cooking oil 

References

  1. 1.
    Jiaqiang, E., Pham, M.: Effect of different technologies on combustion and emissions of the diesel engine fueled with biodiesel. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 80, 620–647 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sahara, Sadafb, S., Iqbala, J., Ullahd, I.: Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil: an efficient technique to convert waste into biodiesel. Sustain. Cities Soc. 41, 220–226 (2018)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Debbarma, S, Misra, R.D.: Effects of iron nanoparticles blended biodiesel on the performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine. J. Energy Resourc. Technol. ASME 139/042212-1Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ashok, B., Nanthagopal, K., Subbarao, R., Johny, A., Mohan, A.: Experimental studies on the effect of metal oxide and antioxidant additives with Calophyllum Inophyllum Methyl ester in compression ignition engine. J. Cleaner Prod.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.08.050 S0959-6526(17)31768-7
  5. 5.
    Musthafa, M.M., Kumar, T.A., Mohanraj, T., Chandramouli, R.: A comparative study on performance, combustion and emission characteristics of diesel engine fuelled by biodiesel blends with and without an additive. Fuel 225, 343–348 (2018)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Knothe, G., Steidley, K.R.: The effect of metals and metal oxides on biodiesel oxidative stability from promotion to inhibition. Fuel Process. Technol. 177, 75–80 (2018)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Man, X.J., Cheung, C.S., Ning, Z.: Effect of diesel engine operating conditions on the particulate size, nanostructure and oxidation properties when using wasting cooking oil biodiesel. Energy Procedia 66, 37–40 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Seela, C.R., Ravi Sankar, B., Kishore, D., Babu, M.V.S.: Experimental analysis on a DI diesel engine with cerium oxide added Mahua Methyl Ester blends. Int. J. Ambient Energy.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2017.1360203
  9. 9.
    Attia, A.M.A., Hassaneen, A.E.: Influence of diesel fuel blended with biodiesel produced from waste cooking oil on diesel engine performance. Fuel 167, 316–328 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hwang, J., Bae, C., Gupta, T.: Application of waste cooking oil (WCO) biodiesel in a compression ignition engine. Fuel 176, 20 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cheung, C.S., Man, X.J., Fong, K.W., Tsang, O.K.: Effect of waste cooking oil biodiesel on the emissions of a diesel engine. Energy Procedia 66, 93–96 (2015) Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Silvaa, R.D., Binu, K.G., Bhat, T.: Performance and emission characteristics of a C.I. Engine fuelled with diesel and TiO2 nanoparticles as fuel additive. Mater. Today Proc. 2, 3728–3735 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ashok, B., Nanthagopal, K., Mohan, A., Johny, A., Tamilarasu, A.: Comparative analysis on the effect of zinc oxide and ethanox as additives with biodiesel in CI engine. EGY 11515.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.09.021
  14. 14.
    Ramesh, D.K., Kumar, J.L.D., Kumar, S.G.H., Namith, V., Jambagi, P.B., Sharath, S.: Study on effects of alumina nanoparticles as additive with poultry litter biodiesel on performance, combustion and emission characteristic of diesel engine. Mater. Today: Proc. PMME EMT–338 (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, K R Circle, Bangalore UniversityBengaluruIndia

Personalised recommendations