Improvement of Electric Heater Design for Household Cooking Application in Developing Countries

  • Angkush Kumar GhoshEmail author
  • Abid Hossain Khan
  • A. N. M. Mizanur Rahman
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 169)


In this experimental study, the possibility of improvement of conventional electric heater to reduce energy loss has been investigated. In order to do so, a modified electric heater construction has been employed, one covered with glass wool insulation. The temperature profile inside the heater has been measured both in vertical and radial direction with the help of K-type thermocouples. Three different food items, namely, Water, Minicate Rice, and Red Lentil, have been used to test the performance of the modified insulated heater compared to the conventional one. Results indicate that it is possible to save energy up to 43.9%, 32%, and 23.08% for the above-mentioned three food items, respectively, by using the insulated heater. However, inconsistency in the amount of energy-saving is observed. It has also been observed that the energy-saving for boiling water increases with increasing amount of water, suggesting that the insulated heater is more efficient for higher cooking volume compared to the conventional one.


Electric heater Thermal insulation Reflective coating Cooking time Energy saving 


  1. 1.
    Calhoun, K.: The Global Energy Crisis (2017)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chu, S., Cui, Y., Liu, N.: The path towards sustainable energy. Nat. Mater. 16(1), 16 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Luthra, S., Kumar, S., Garg, D., Haleem, A.: Barriers to renewable/sustainable energy technologies adoption: Indian perspective. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 41, 762–776 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huber, M.: Theorizing energy geographies. Geo. Comp. 9(6), 327–338 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kaygusuz, K.: Energy for sustainable development: a case of developing countries. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 16(2), 1116–1126 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wolfram, C., Shelef, O., Gertler, P.: How will energy demand develop in the developing world? J. Econ. Pers. 26(1), 119–138 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Asafu-Adjaye, J.: The relationship between energy consumption, energy prices and economic growth: time series evidence from Asian developing countries. Energ. Econ. 22(6), 615–625 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Daioglou, V., Van Ruijven, B.J., Van Vuuren, D.P.: Model projections for household energy use in developing countries. Energy 37(1), 601–615 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Leach, G.A.: Residential energy in the Third World. Annu. Rev. Energ. 13(1), 47–65 (1988)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hou, B.D., Tang, X., Ma, C., Liu, L., Wei, Y.M., Liao, H.: Cooking fuel choice in rural China: Results from microdata. J. Clean. Prod. 142, 538–547 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tamire, M., Addissie, A., Skovbjerg, S., Andersson, R., Lärstad, M.: Socio-cultural reasons and community perceptions regarding indoor cooking using biomass fuel and traditional stoves in rural Ethiopia: a qualitative study. Int. J. Env. Res. Pub. Healt. 15(9), 2035 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pokharel, S.: Energy economics of cooking in households in Nepal. Energy 29(4), 547–559 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Anozie, A.N., Bakare, A.R., Sonibare, J.A., Oyebisi, T.O.: Evaluation of cooking energy cost, efficiency, impact on air pollution and policy in Nigeria. Energy 32(7), 1283–1290 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cengel, Y.: Heat and mass transfer: fundamentals and applications. McGraw-Hill Higher Education (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angkush Kumar Ghosh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abid Hossain Khan
    • 2
  • A. N. M. Mizanur Rahman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKhulna University of Engineering and TechnologyKhulnaBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Industrial and Production EngineeringJashore University of Science and TechnologyJashoreBangladesh

Personalised recommendations