Performance Evaluation of Multi-layer Barriers for Machine-Induced Low-Frequency Noise Attenuation

  • Abid Hossain KhanEmail author
  • Muhammed Mahbubur Razzaque
  • Md. Shafiqul Islam
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 169)


In this work, the performance of different multi-layer barrier constructions in attenuating noise has been studied experimentally. Machine-induced low-frequency noise within the frequency range of 100–500 Hz is focused in this work. Six different multi-layer barrier constructions have been employed for this purpose. Wood has been used as the rigid, reflective layer while glass wool and PE foam has been used as the soft, absorbing layers. An enclosure with five fixed walls and one flexible wall containing the noise barrier has been constructed to perform the experiments. A CASELLA CEL-62X Sound Pressure Level meter has been used to measure sound pressure at different frequencies. Results indicate that the transmission losses are not higher than 18 dB for the frequency range of interest. Results also reveal that triple-layer wooden barrier has superior performance in attenuating low-frequency noise although sandwich barriers are more suitable for higher frequencies.


Low-frequency noise Sound pressure level Multi-layer barrier Natural frequency Transmission loss 







Density of medium


Mass per unit area


Speed of sound


Structural loss factor


Stiffness per unit area


Frequency of incident sound


Angle of incident sound


Transmission loss


Sound intensity


  1. 1.
    Dahlke, B., Larbig, H., Scherzer, H.D., Poltrock, R.: Natural fiber reinforced foams based on renewable resources for automotive interior applications. J. Cell. Plast. 34(4), 361–379 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Khedari, J., Charoenvai, S., Hirunlabh, J.: New insulating particleboards from durian peel and coconut coir. Build. Env. 38(3), 435–441 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Khedari, J., Nankongnab, N., Hirunlabh, J., Teekasap, S.: New low-cost insulation particleboards from mixture of durian peel and coconut coir. Build. Env. 39(1), 59–65 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rozli, Z., Zulkarnain, Z.: Noise control using coconut coir fiber sound absorber with porous layer backing and perforated panel. Amer. J. Appl. Sci. 7(2), 260–264 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ono, T., Miyakoshi, S., Watanabe, U.: Acoustic characteristics of unidirectionally fiber-reinforced polyurethane foam composites for musical instrument soundboards. Acoust. Sci. Tech. 23(3), 135–142 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yang, H.S., Kim, D.J., Kim, H.J.: Rice straw–wood particle composite for sound absorbing wooden construction materials. Biores. Tech. 86(2), 117–121 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ross, D.: Damping of plate flexural vibrations by means of viscoelastic laminae. Struct. Damp. 49–97 (1959)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Holmer, C.I.: The coincidence wall: a new design for high transmission loss or high structural damping. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 46(1A), 91 (1969)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Manning, J.E.: Development of the coincidence wall as a high TL panel. Cambridge Collaborative Report No. 1 (1971)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ford, R.D., Lord, P., Walker, A.W.: Sound transmission through sandwich constructions. J. Sound Vibr. 5(1), 9–21 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Smolenski, C.P., Krokosky, E.M., Ewers, G.: Dilatational-mode sound transmission in sandwich panels. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 45(1), 297–298 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lee, J.: Compact sound absorbers for low frequencies. Noise Contr. Eng. J. 38, 109–117 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yang, Z., Dai, H.M., Chan, N.H., Ma, G.C., Sheng, P.: Acoustic metamaterial panels for sound attenuation in the 50–1000 Hz regime. Appl. Phy. Lett. 96(4), 041906 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mei, J., Ma, G., Yang, M., Yang, Z., Wen, W., Sheng, P.: Dark acoustic metamaterials as super absorbers for low-frequency sound. Nat Comm. 3, 756 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cowan, A.J.: Sound transmission loss of composite sandwich panels (2013).
  16. 16.
    Rudder, Jr., F.F.: Airborne sound transmission loss characteristics of wood-frame construction (No. FSGTR-FPL-43). Forest Products Lab Madison WI (1985)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abid Hossain Khan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammed Mahbubur Razzaque
    • 2
  • Md. Shafiqul Islam
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Industrial and Production EngineeringJashore University of Science and TechnologyJashoreBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringBangladesh University of Engineering and TechnologyDhakaBangladesh
  3. 3.Department of Nuclear EngineeringUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh

Personalised recommendations