Pathways for Ganesha Idol Immersion Process: A Review of Best Practices by BBMP

  • C. B. ManjulaEmail author
  • Sandhya Jayakumar
  • S. Gopalakrishnan


Ganesha Chaturthi is a grand festival celebrated all over India, in the month of September, every year. Approximately Rs. 20,000/- crores of income is generated throughout the country during the 10 days of festival. After the celebrations and prayers, the Ganesha idols are immersed in nearby water bodies such as a river, lake or ocean. The Ganesha idols are supposed to be made with clay, which is a degradable material which can also be helpful for the growth of plants. But, for the purpose of attracting the buyers, the Ganesha idol makers use Plaster of Paris (POP), and paints mixed with hazardous chemicals and chromium, zinc, mercury and arsenic which are non-degradable. An attempt has been made by the researchers to understand the steps taken by Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike [BBMP] for the smooth execution of immersion process, effective waste management and promote the use of eco-friendly Ganesha for worship in Bengaluru city.


Eco-friendly Immersion Plaster of Paris Degradable Hazardous International Society of Waste Management Air and water 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. B. Manjula
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sandhya Jayakumar
    • 2
  • S. Gopalakrishnan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceBangalore UniversityBengaluruIndia
  2. 2.BBMPBengaluruIndia
  3. 3.Acharya Institute of Graduate Studies [ICSSR MRP]BengaluruIndia

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