Role of Macronutrients in Cotton Production

  • Niaz Ahmed
  • Muhammad Arif AliEmail author
  • Subhan Danish
  • Usman Khalid Chaudhry
  • Sajjad Hussain
  • Waseem Hassan
  • Fiaz Ahmad
  • Nawab Ali


Sound nutrition plays a key role in enhancing cotton yield. As cotton undergoes vegetative and reproductive growth at the same time, its nutritional requirements are dissimilar, compared to other field crops. Cotton is grown as an annual crop with an indeterminate growth pattern. The vegetative branching provides a potential fruiting place except under abiotic and biotic stresses. Moreover, cotton has a deep root system with low density of roots in the surface layer of soils where availability of nutrients is high. The rooting system makes cotton crop more dependent on the subsoil for nutrition. A continuous supply of nutrients is required to sustain morphogenesis. The rate of both nutrients absorption and dry matter production increases progressively during the seedling, vegetative, and fruiting periods and peaks near the end of the bloom period. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are required in large quantities and are limited in many soils. The deficiencies of macro- and micronutrients decrease plant growth and development, and consequently seed cotton yield is reduced. The deficiency of phosphorous (P), calcium (Ca), potassium (K), boron (B), magnesium (Mg), and zinc (Zn) affects fruit production in cotton than vegetative growth, while the deficiencies of nitrogen (N), sulfur (S), molybdenum (Mo), and manganese (Mn) affect equally vegetative and reproductive growth of cotton. A bevy of literature concerning the role of macronutrients in growth and development is presented in the following paragraphs.


Phosphorus Nitrogen Potassium Calcium Magnesium Zinc Boron 







Cation exchange capacity


Carbon dioxide


Greenhouse gases






















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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niaz Ahmed
    • 1
  • Muhammad Arif Ali
    • 1
    Email author
  • Subhan Danish
    • 1
  • Usman Khalid Chaudhry
    • 2
  • Sajjad Hussain
    • 3
  • Waseem Hassan
    • 4
  • Fiaz Ahmad
    • 5
  • Nawab Ali
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Genetic Engineering, Ayhan Sahenk Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologiesNigde Omer Haliesdimer UniversityNigdeTurkey
  3. 3.Department of HorticultureBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  4. 4.Department of Soil and Environmental SciencesMNS University of AgricultureMultanPakistan
  5. 5.Central Cotton Research Institute MultanMultanPakistan

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