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Molecular Breeding of Cotton for Drought Stress Tolerance

  • Muhammad Asif SaleemEmail author
  • Abdul Qayyum
  • Waqas Malik
  • Muhammad Waqas Amjid
Chapter
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Availability of freshwater to crops is declining year by year, so there is a need to exploit genetic mechanism of drought tolerance in crops including cotton. Drought-tolerant cultivars may be tailored if generated data regarding inheritance of drought-related traits to tolerance is practically used. The complexity in inheritance of drought tolerance has been a main reason of slow progress. Although a lot of conventional and nonconventional research work has been conducted for the traits related to abiotic stress in cotton, fruitful field results have not been obtained. There is a need to understand drought stress and mechanisms adopted by cotton against drought stress. These include morphological, physiological, biochemical, and genetic responses in cotton. Identification of the important genes related to drought tolerance would also be a major contribution. The impactful genes and major QTLs could be stacked in a single cotton plant, using gene pyramiding, and this may produce the future cotton plant for upcoming adverse environment.

Keywords

Gene pyramiding QTL Upland cotton 

Abbreviations

AA

Ascorbic acid

ABA

Abscisic acid

APX

Ascorbate peroxidase

CAT

Catalase

EL

Electrolyte leakage

GA

Gibberellic acid

GPX

Guaiacol peroxidase

GR

Glutathione reductase

GWAS

Genome-wide association study

H2O2

Hydrogen peroxide

HO

Hydroxyl radical

IPT

Isopentenyltransferase

JA

Jasmonic acid

LEA

Late embryogenesis abundant

MAS

Marker-assisted selection

NO

Nitric oxide

1O2

Singlet oxygen

O2•−

Superoxide anion radical

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SA

Salicylic acid

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Asif Saleem
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdul Qayyum
    • 1
  • Waqas Malik
    • 1
  • Muhammad Waqas Amjid
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Department of AgricultureBacha Khan UniversityKPKPakistan

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