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Soil Management and Tillage Practices for Growing Cotton Crop

  • Muhammad Arif AliEmail author
  • Fariha Ilyas
  • Subhan Danish
  • Ghulam Mustafa
  • Niaz Ahmed
  • Sajjad Hussain
  • Muhammad Arshad
  • Shakeel AhmadEmail author
Chapter
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

For cultivation of crops, among all soil adaptive practices, tillage has been considered a fundamental crop-growing practice for centuries to clear and soften the soil. Due to changing climatic conditions and perturbation of resources, there is a need to implement soil adaptive practices and improve tillage practices to ensure security of food and guaranteed fiber production to achieve zero hunger. This chapter covers the influences of climate change and important soil adaptation and tillage practices especially for cotton crop. Our goal was to provide a framework regarding factors responsible for low cotton yield and soil adaptations that can improve cotton productivity. We attempt to highlight possible negative effects of climate change, i.e., high temperature, greenhouse gas emission, drought stress, salinity stress, insect/pest/disease attack, and primary techniques to mitigate climatic adverse effects on cotton crop. Keeping the current scenario, we suggest that advance research is still required to address the adverse effects of climate through better implementation of soil adaptations.

Keywords

Tillage Field capacity Conventional Water use efficiency Soil water 

Abbreviations

AFP

Air-filled porosity

AW

Available water

CT

Conventional tillage

FC

Field capacity

GHGs

Greenhouse gases

ICAC

International Cotton Advisory Committee

ISR

Induced systemic resistance

N

Nitrogen

NT

No tillage

NUE

Nitrogen use efficiency

P

Phosphorus

PWP

Permanent wilting point

SEEP

Social, Environmental and Economic Performance

WUE

Water use efficiency

WHC

Water holding capacity

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Arif Ali
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fariha Ilyas
    • 1
  • Subhan Danish
    • 1
  • Ghulam Mustafa
    • 1
  • Niaz Ahmed
    • 1
  • Sajjad Hussain
    • 2
  • Muhammad Arshad
    • 3
  • Shakeel Ahmad
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Department of HorticultureBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  3. 3.Institute of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringNational University of Science and TechnologyIslamabadPakistan
  4. 4.Department of AgronomyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan

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