Text Region Extraction for Noisy Spam Image

  • Estqlal Hammad Dhahi
  • Suhad A. AliEmail author
  • Mohammed Abdullah Naser
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1040)


In this paper, the problem of spam filtering for images, a type of fast-spreading spam where the text is included in images to overcome the text-based spam filter. One common method for detecting spam is the optical character recognition system (OCR) that detecting and recognizing the text embedded, following by a classifier which distinguishes spam from ham. Nevertheless, the spammers begin hiding image text for preventing OCR from detecting spam. To recompense for the shortages of the OCR system, a method based on the detection algorithm is proposed for the text region. To estimate the performance of the projected system, the methodology was applied to a group of unwanted images Dredze (available to the public) to check the efficiency of our method which outperforms the initial OCR system in sensible use with a complex background in spam. The test results indicated that the new method gives good text regions detection even for noisy images.


OCR Text localization Spam image Text-based spam filtering Text features 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Estqlal Hammad Dhahi
    • 1
  • Suhad A. Ali
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammed Abdullah Naser
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceCollege of Science for Women, University of BabylonBabylonIraq

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