ICDSMLA 2019 pp 1975-1983 | Cite as

A Study on Natural Computing: A Review

  • Rashmi PathakEmail author
  • Shyam Sunder Gupta
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 601)


Natural Computing derives its inspiration from nature. We mean here that natural phenomenon are used or captured by the researchers or scientists and are used in various computations. When we look at the traditional methods of computations, we see a great deal of programming and lot mechanisms involved which gives us the accurate results. These computations are fast and are well known for their power of complex decision making. But when it comes to transparency, users do not get the insight. Although these lack transparency, their high quality computations were well used by the researchers in various domains and applications. Researchers have been trying to make this computations better and better by trying and testing various paradigms. There was an idea that clicked among the researchers to merge nature and computing together. They started looking at the basic natural phenomenon like flock of birds, movement of ants etc. and using the observation in the form of algorithm to solve their problem statement.


Natural computing Evolutionary computing Bio optimization Artificial neural networks Artificial immune system 


  1. 1.
    Rozenberg G, Bck T, Kok JN (eds) (2012) Handbook of natural computing. Springer, Berlin, HeidelbergzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kari L, Rozenberg G (2008) The many facets of natural computing. Commun ACM 51(10):72–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Stickel ME (1991) A prolog-like inference system for computing minimum-cost abductive explanations in natural-language interpretation. Ann Math Artif Intell 4(1–2):89–105Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Eiben AE, Smith JE (2003) Introduction to evolutionary computing, vol 53. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Banks A, Vincent J, Anyakoha C (2007) A review of particle swarm optimization. Part I: background and development. Nat Comput 6(4):467–484Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Oviatt S, Cohen P (2000) Perceptual user interfaces: multimodal interfaces that process what comes naturally. Commun ACM 43(3):45–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rautaray Siddharth S, Agrawal Anupam (2015) Vision based hand gesture recognition for human computer interaction: a survey. Artif Intell Rev 43(1):1–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Manaris, B (1998) Natural language processing: a human-computer interaction perspective. Adv Comput, vol 47. Elsevier, pp 1–66Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Friedman, B (ed) (1997) Human values and the design of computer technology, vol 72. Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer EngineeringSiddhant College of EngineeringSudumbre, PuneIndia

Personalised recommendations