Advertisement

Effect of Extraction on the Mechanical, Physical and Biological Properties of Pineapple Leaf Fibres

  • A. Rafiqah
  • K. Abdan
  • M. Nasir
  • M. AsimEmail author
Chapter
  • 13 Downloads
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Natural fibres have been acknowledged as potential material in many countries and widely used in vast application due to its specific properties and positive environmental impact. Selection of natural fibres for research or applications is categorized as per availability in particular region. Pineapple leaf fibres (PALF) are well-known fibre in South-East Asia. Pineapple leaf contains only 2.5–3.5% fibre, covered by a hydrophobic waxy layer. Suitable extraction method is the main challenged to obtain good quality PALF for future applications. The methods for PALF extraction were classified into three main categories, manual, mechanical and retting method. Physical and mechanical properties of PALF may differ from the other PALF due to the different extraction method. Extraction of thousands of tons of PALF can be done only after harvesting the fruit. The extraction method was chosen based on different criteria that involve cost of manufacturing, PALF stiffness, physical appearances and time consumption. This topic aims to indicate different extraction methods to obtain PALF and discussed on its physical and mechanical properties.

Keywords

Pineapple leaf Pineapple leaf fibres Extraction method Retting Mechanical and physical properties 

References

  1. 1.
    Abdelmouleh M, Boufi S, Belgacem MN et al (2007) Short natural-fibre reinforced polyethylene and natural rubber composites: effect of silane coupling agents and fibres loading. Compos Sci Technol 67:1627–1639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Adam A, Yusof Y, Yahya A (2016) Extraction of pineapple leaf fiber: josapine and moris. J Eng Appl Sci 11:161–165Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Asim M, Abdan K, Jawaid M, et al (2015) A review on pineapple leaves fibre and its composites. Int J Polym SciGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Asim M, Jawaid M, Abdan K et al (2017) Effect of pineapple leaf fibre and kenaf fibre treatment on mechanical performance of phenolic hybrid composites. Fibers Polym 18:940–947CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Asim M, Jawaid M, Abdan K et al (2018) Effect of hybridization on the mechanical properties of pineapple leaf fiber/kenaf phenolic hybrid composites. J Renew Mater 6:38–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Asim M, Jawaid M, Nasir M et al (2018) Effect of fiber loadings and treatment on dynamic mechanical, thermal and flammability properties of pineapple leaf fiber and kenaf phenolic composites. J Renew Mater 6:383–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Asim M, Jawaid M, Paridah MT, et al (2019) Dynamic and thermo‐mechanical properties of hybridized kenaf/PALF reinforced phenolic composites. Polym ComposGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Banik S, Nag D, Debnath S (2011) Utilization of pineapple leaf agro-waste for extraction of fibre and the residual biomass for vermicompostingGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Biagiotti J, Puglia D, Kenny JM (2004) A review on natural fibre-based composites-part I: structure, processing and properties of vegetable fibres. J Nat Fibers 1:37–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bongarde U, Shinde V (2014) Review on natural fiber reinforcement polymer composites. Int J Eng Sci Innov Technol 3:431–436Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Das P, Nag D, Debnath S, et al (2010) Machinery for extraction and traditional spinning of plant fibresGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Devi LU, Bhagawan S, Thomas S (1997) Mechanical properties of pineapple leaf fiber-reinforced polyester composites. J Appl Polym Sci 64:1739–1748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    George J, Sreekala M, Thomas S (2001) A review on interface modification and characterization of natural fiber reinforced plastic composites. Polym Eng Sci 41:1471–1485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hazarika D, Gogoi N, Jose S et al (2017) Exploration of future prospects of Indian pineapple leaf, an agro waste for textile application. J Clean Prod 141:580–586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Heng JY, Pearse DF, Thielmann F et al (2007) Methods to determine surface energies of natural fibres: a review. Compos Interfaces 14:581–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jaramillo-Quiceno N, Ch EMC, Restrepo-Osorio A et al (2018) Improvement of mechanical properties of pineapple leaf fibers by mercerization process. Fibers Polym 19:2604–2611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Joffe R, Andersons J, Wallström L (2003) Strength and adhesion characteristics of elementary flax fibres with different surface treatments. Compos A Appl Sci Manuf 34:603–612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jose S, Salim R, Ammayappan L (2016) An overview on production, properties, and value addition of pineapple leaf fibers (PALF). J Nat Fibers 13:362–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kannojiya R, Gaurav K, Ranjan R et al (2013) Extraction of pineapple fibres for making commercial products. J Environ Res Dev 7:1385Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kengkhetkit N, Amornsakchai T (2012) Utilisation of pineapple leaf waste for plastic reinforcement: a novel extraction method for short pineapple leaf fiber. Ind Crops Prod 40:55–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ku H, Wang H, Pattarachaiyakoop N et al (2011) A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites. Compos B Eng 42:856–873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lopattananon N, Panawarangkul K, Sahakaro K et al (2006) Performance of pineapple leaf fiber–natural rubber composites: the effect of fiber surface treatments. J Appl Polym Sci 102:1974–1984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mazalan MF, Yusof Y (2017) Natural pineapple leaf fibre extraction on josapine and morris. MATEC Web of Conferences. EDP Sciences, 00043Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Nasir Uddin SM, Abdul JM, Mazharul Islam M, Siddika A (2017) A review on extraction, characterization and application of pineapple leaf fiber (palf) in textiles and other fields. Int J Adv Res 5:112–116Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mishra S, Mohanty AK, Drzal LT et al (2004) A review on pineapple leaf fibers, sisal fibers and their biocomposites. Macromol Mater Eng 289:955–974CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mohamed A, Sapuan S, Shahjahan M et al (2010) Effects of simple abrasive combing and pretreatments on the properties of pineapple leaf fibers (palf) and palf-vinyl ester composite adhesion. Polym-Plast Technol Eng 49:972–978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Paridah MT, Basher AB, SaifulAzry S et al (2011) Retting process of some bast plant fibres and its effect on fibre quality: a review. BioResources 6:5260–5281Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pickering K (2008) Properties and performance of natural-fibre composites, ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Pickering KL, Efendy MA, Le TM (2016) A review of recent developments in natural fibre composites and their mechanical performance. Compos A Appl Sci Manuf 83:98–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Puglia D, Biagiotti J, Kenny J (2005) A review on natural fibre-based composites—Part II: application of natural reinforcements in composite materials for automotive industry. J Nat Fibers 1:23–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sapuan S, Mohamed A, Siregar J et al (2011) Pineapple leaf fibers and PALF-reinforced polymer composites. Bio-and Nano-Polymer Composites. Springer, Cellulose Fibers, pp 325–343Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sarah S, Rahman W, Majid R et al (2018) Optimization of pineapple leaf fibre extraction methods and their biodegradabilities for soil cover application. J Polym Environ 26:319–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Summerscales J, Dissanayake NP, Virk AS et al (2010) A review of bast fibres and their composites. Part 1–Fibres as reinforcements. Compos A Appl Sci Manuf 41:1329–1335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Yahya SA (2016) Characterizations of Malaysia PALF properties between hand scrapping and PALF M1. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Yu H, Yu C (2010) Influence of various retting methods on properties of kenaf fiber. J Text Inst 101:452–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Yusof Y, Yahya SA, Adam A (2015) Novel technology for sustainable pineapple leaf fibers productions. Procedia CIRP 26:756–760CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP)Universiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Forest Products Utilization College of ForestryBanda University of Agriculture and Technology (BUAT)BandaIndia

Personalised recommendations