Sustainable Management of Toxic Industrial Effluent of Coal-Based Power Plants

  • Ramesh Kumar
  • Alak Kumar Ghosh
  • Parimal Pal
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 18)


Millions of tons of coke are produced to meet the demand of manufacturing of iron and steel industry and coal-based power plants with rapid urbanization. The conversion of coal to coke is one of the major sources of environmental pollution, because this process generates huge volume of coke-oven wastewater (COWW) during quenching of hot coke. The discharged wastewater contains cyanide, thiocyanide, ammonium-N, phenols with high biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, total dissolved solids, total suspended solid, and polyaromatic compounds pose a threat to the existing flora and fauna of the ecosystem. In this chapter, detailed information is provided about the generation, characteristics, toxicity and harmful effect on environment of COWW. In addition, different sustainable technologies such as biological, physical, and integrated processes have been proposed for the sustainable treatment of COWW while comparing their merits and demerits with those of the existing technologies.


Coke-oven wastewater Biological treatment Physical treatment Membrane separation Adsorption Struvite recovery 



Authors are highly acknowledged to the University Grant Commission, Government of India for financial support under Dr. D.S. Kothari Post-Doctoral Fellowship sanctioned No. F.4-2/2006 (BSR)/EN/16-17/0001, September 01, 2016 (65th List).


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramesh Kumar
    • 1
  • Alak Kumar Ghosh
    • 1
  • Parimal Pal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryThe University of BurdwanBurdwan (E)India
  2. 2.Chemical Engineering DepartmentNational Institute of Technology DurgapurBurdwan (W)India

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