Constructed Wetlands: An Emerging Green Technology for the Treatment of Industrial Wastewaters

  • M. Dinesh Kumar
  • S. Gopikumar
  • Do Khac Uan
  • S. Adishkumar
  • J. Rajesh Banu
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 18)


Constructed wetland treatment methods have been evolved as a consistent treatment technology treating domestic, industrial and agricultural wastewaters. Special attention has been focused on landfill leachate and storm water runoff. Natural wetlands in general remove pollution, but in CWs the conditions are properly monitored, as a result the efficiency in pollution removal is drastic. Removal of the organics and suspended impurities improves the treatment efficiency. Introducing special media for the absorption of nitrogen and phosphorous is focused for removal, which are available in abundant and observed to be the major pollutant. The cost for operation and maintenance of CWs are lower as it requires very less power consumption compared with conventional treatment systems. In addition the design is framed in such a way that it is involved in maintaining the environment during floods and provides habitat for wildlife through dual or multipurpose ecosystems.


Industries Wastewaters Treatment Constructed wetlands Green technology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Dinesh Kumar
    • 1
  • S. Gopikumar
    • 2
  • Do Khac Uan
    • 3
  • S. Adishkumar
    • 4
  • J. Rajesh Banu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringAnna University Regional CampusTirunelveliIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringSCAD College of Engineering and TechnologyTirunelveliIndia
  3. 3.School of Environmental Science and Technology, Hanoi University of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam
  4. 4.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity V.O.C College of Engineering, Anna UniversityThoothukudiIndia

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