Mined Lands Reclamation by Vegetation Restoration

  • Jianfeng ZhangEmail author


Currently, the occupied and disturbed land area reached 3.393 million ha by mining, and of which forest land took 532,000 ha. The impact of mining on environment is multi-fold and deep. Thus, it is necessary and significant to approach the effective measure to speed up vegetation restoration in abandoned mined lands. Phytoremediation is a relatively new technology (within the last decade) and the numbers of plant species have been identified to accumulate high levels of heavy metals, which implies that phytoremediation is available, practical, and effective. Thereby, the main procedure of ecosystem restoration by the mean of phytoremediation in abandoned mined lands such as site preparation, species selection, planting techniques, maintenance and tending methods is discussed in the chapter.


Abandoned mined lands Environmental impact Vegetation restoration 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Subtropical Forestry of Chinese Academy of ForestryHangzhouChina

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