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Management Strategies for Alleviating Abiotic Stresses in Vegetable Crops

  • R. H. LaxmanEmail author
  • K. K. Upreti
  • K. S. Shivashankara
  • A. T. Sadashiva
  • K. Madhavi Reddy
  • T. S. Aghora
  • Smaranika Mishra
Chapter
  • 57 Downloads

Abstract

Vegetable crops with great species diversity play an important role in human nutrition. India, with diverse agro-ecological regions, is the second largest producer of vegetables. Vegetable cultivation offers nutritional security, gainful employment and constant income to the farmers. However, vegetable crops face abiotic stresses like high temperature, excess moisture, deficit moisture and salinity stresses at critical growth stages. These abiotic stresses individually and or in combination affect vegetable crops adversely. The ill effects on physiology, phenology and growth subsequently influence the yield and quality of vegetable crops. Thorough understanding of the response of different vegetable crops and their cultivars aids in devising suitable management strategies to ease adverse effects of abiotic stresses. Efforts have been made by many researchers to devise crop management practices under such conditions. The management strategies like change in planting dates, production and planting of healthy seedlings, water-saving irrigation methods, mulching, advanced irrigation practices, use of microbes, grafting technique, choosing appropriate crops and tolerant cultivars in the areas frequently encountering abiotic stress are suggested in this chapter.

Keywords

Vegetables Abiotic stresses Adaptation options Management strategies High temperature Deficit moisture stress Excess moisture stress Multiple stresses Whitefly Begomovirus Mosaic and Leaf curl 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. H. Laxman
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. K. Upreti
    • 1
  • K. S. Shivashankara
    • 1
  • A. T. Sadashiva
    • 2
  • K. Madhavi Reddy
    • 2
  • T. S. Aghora
    • 2
  • Smaranika Mishra
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Plant Physiology and BiochemistryICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBengaluruIndia
  2. 2.Division of Vegetable CropsICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBengaluruIndia

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