Bionanomaterials Production

  • Young-Chul Lee
  • Ju-Young Moon


Generally, nanoparticles (NPs) have been synthesized and manufactured using physical and chemical methods (ion sputtering, solvothermal synthesis, reduction and sol-gel technique based on two basic approaches: bottom-up and top-down. However, the traditional methods might release hazard substances to environments so that the potential for human exposure to NPs would increase [1, 2]. Therefore, scientists have attempted to reduce the risks by using new eco-friendly agents (e.g., microbial enzymes or plant phytochemicals) instead of chemical agents [1, 3, 4]. So, a non-toxic way of synthesizing NPs can be achieved by using a “green” method called biological method, this is a kind of bottom-up approach that scientist used microorganisms and plant extracts to synthesize NPs [5], then the products are namely as “bionanoparticles”. Many bacterial, fungal, and plants have shown their advantages on synthesis and manufacturing NPs as well as their biological NPs potential use in biomedical applications. For instance, silver NPs are well-known as an anti-microbial agent, and it can be achieved by biological methods, such as Premasudha et al. investigated that silver (Ag) NPs using Eclipta alba leaf extract showed antimicrobial [6] and Gandhi and co-workers successfully synthesized Ag NPs by Escherichia coli showing a great anti-bacterial activity [7]. According to the crucial issues, for developing a safely environmental and inexpensive way for synthesis and manufacturing of NPs, this chapter will focus on providing an overview of synthesis of NPs based on biological as reducing and capping agents (Fig. 3.1 and Table 3.1).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Young-Chul Lee
    • 1
  • Ju-Young Moon
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BioNano TechnologyGachon UniversitySeongnam-siRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Beauty Design ManagementHansung UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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