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Polymers from Carbon Dioxide—A Route Towards a Sustainable Future

  • Neha Mulchandani
  • Vimal KatiyarEmail author
Chapter
  • 46 Downloads
Part of the Materials Horizons: From Nature to Nanomaterials book series (MHFNN)

Abstract

Carbon dioxide, which is one of the major causes of global warming, has posed alarmed issues with constant rising levels. It is, therefore, important to look forward into its alternate uses and reduce the global environmental impact. Various strategies for utilizing the greenhouse gas into possible-end products have been explored considering its abundant, non-toxic and renewable nature. However, the low reactivity of carbon dioxide has restricted its use in large-scale applications. The current chapter highlights the reaction mechanisms for fixing carbon dioxide into useful polymers and the challenges associated with it. The potential of carbon dioxide as a monomer along with the role of catalyst has been discussed. The existing technologies for developing polymers from carbon dioxide along with the future scope and applications have been portrayed. An emphasis has been laid on developing biodegradable polymers using greenhouse gas as the precursor with possible chemical routes and their limitations. The concept of sustainable polymers has been focused in terms of utilizing the greenhouse gas as precursor for developing the polymers with high yields using industrially viable approaches.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Carbon dioxide Polymers Greenhouse gas Sustainable Copolymerization 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiKamrup, GuwahatiIndia

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