The book is an effort to study the existing literature and assess the emerging paradigms to foster a nonkilling society for global peace. In this book, case for the creation of a ‘nonkilling world’ through a study of human history, social and political leadership has been made as nonkilling is focussed and measurable. A comparison of violent and nonleadership styles a vicious cycle has been exposed in our own human past that had unleashed universal hatred and distrust being corrupted, resulting in negative human actions of deceit and destruction, subjugation and killings. The surmise of the chapter is that economic development is not a guarantee for nonkilling peace and happiness. For an enlightened world as the next stage of human evolution in reverence to life, we have to bring about a revolution in human values, abandon those that justify violence as a means to an end.