Designing a Nonlinear Tri Core Photonic Crystal Fiber for Minimizing Dispersion and Analyzing it in Various Sensing Applications

  • Sunil SharmaEmail author
  • Lokesh Tharani
  • Ravindra Kumar Sharma
Conference paper
Part of the Algorithms for Intelligent Systems book series (AIS)


Photonic crystal fibers have been used widely since 20 years back in the communication system. The aim of this paper is to introduce a linear structure that can control and guide light. Tri-core photonic crystal fiber is a newly developed technology through which some objectives are trying to be achieved. First of all, the aim is simply to minimize the dispersion, so that the design can be used in various communicating applications. Once dispersion is minimized, the objective is to minimize confinement loss, then to improve the transmission factor. All these objectives can be achieved by the proposed design of silica PCF having air hole distance or PITCH equal to 2 µm. Diameter of air holes increases from 0.5 to 1.5 µm. In the end, the proposed structure is analyzed for various sensing applications like salinity and temperature detection, stress detection, and glucose detection. Opti-FDTD is used to design this structure.


PCF Dispersion FDTD Finite element method 



With this proposed design, it is observed that such types of PCF designs can be helpful to society in terms of management and detection of stress, pain, and emotions in life. This will be a great field of research in the upcoming years.


  1. 1.
    Vigneswaran D, Ayyanar N, Sharma M, Sumathi M, Rajan M, Porsezian K (2018) Salinity sensor using photonic crystal fiber. Sens Actuators A Phys 269:22–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ayyanar N, Raja RVJ, Vigneswaran D, Lakshmi B, Sumathi M, Porsezian K (2017) Highly efficient compact temperature sensor using liquid infiltrated asymmetric dual elliptical core photonic crystal fiber. Opt Mater 64:574–582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhao Y, Wu D, Lv RQ (2015) Magnetic field sensor based on photonic crystal fiber taper coated with ferrofluid. IEEE Photonics Technol Lett 27(1):26–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li W, Cheng H, Xia M, Yang K (2016) An experimental study of pH optical sensor using a section of no-core fiber. Sens Actuators A Phys 199:260–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Otupiri R, Akowuah EK, Haxha S, Ademgil H, AbdelMalek F, Aggoun A (2014) A novel birefrigent photonic crystal fiber surface plasmon resonance biosensor. IEEE Photonics J 6(4):1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kumar A, Gupta G, Malik A (2011) Single Mode Optical Fiber based Refractive Index Sensor using Etched Cladding. J Instrum Soc India 41(2):80–83Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Turner APF, Fragkou V (2009) Commercial biosensors for diabetes. In: Handbook of optical sensing of glucose in biological fluids and tissues, 1st edn. CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Niraj GM, Varshney H, Pandey S, Singh S (2012) Sensors for diabetes: glucose biosensors by using different newer techniques: a review. Int J Ther Appl 6:28–37Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rifat A, Mahdiraji G, Chow D, Shee Y, Ahmed R, Adilkhan F (2015) Photonic crystal fiber-based surface plasmon resonance sensor with selective analyte channels and graphene-silver deposited core. Sensors 15(5):11499–11510Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Baten MA, Seal L, Lisa KS (2015) Salinity intrusion in interior coast of Bangladesh: challenges to agriculture in south-central coastal zone. Am J Clim Change 4:248–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Crown 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sunil Sharma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lokesh Tharani
    • 1
  • Ravindra Kumar Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electronics & Communication EngineeringRajasthan Technical UniversityKotaIndia
  2. 2.Arya College of Engineering and I.TKukasIndia

Personalised recommendations