Simulation of Gas Flow Through Engine

  • Neelkanth V. Marathe
  • Sukrut S. ThipseEmail author
  • Nagesh H. Walke
  • Sushil S. Ramdasi
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)


Modern diesel engine has to meet both legislative and customer requirements simultaneously. Engine sub-systems are required to be precisely matched considering their interactive effect. It is a costly and time-consuming task if done experimentally. This task is becoming more complex due to flexibility in the advanced subsystems, which makes optimum matching of the subsystems practically becomes impossible. Use of simulation tools is very effective to handle this complexity and has advantage of significantly lower development time and cost. 3D CFD and 1D thermodynamic simulation tools are effectively used to analyse and tune engine subsystems performance. This gives opportunity to tune sub-system performance with their interactive effects, without a need of making physical prototypes. Considering the execution time, 1D thermodynamic simulation tool is more useful in the early stage development of the engine.


  1. Adolph D, Rezaei R, Pischinger S, Adomeit P et al (2009) Gas exchange optimization and the impact on emission reduction for HSDI diesel engines. SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-0653Google Scholar
  2. Heywood JB (1988) Internal combustion engine fundamentals. McGraw Hill Inc., pp 205–248, 779Google Scholar
  3. Rakopoulos CD, Giakoumis EG (2009) Diesel engine transient operation. Springer, London, pp 217–225Google Scholar
  4. Rocafort J, Andreae M, Green W, Cheng W et al (2005) A modeling investigation into the optimal intake and exhaust valve event duration and timing for a homogenous charge compression ignition engine. SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-3746Google Scholar
  5. Schögl O, Schmidt S, Abart M, Kirchberger R, Fitl M, Gschwantner P (2009) Early stage development of a 4-stroke gas exchange process by the use of a coupled 1D/3D simulation strategy. SAE Paper 2009-32-0101Google Scholar
  6. Schwarz F, Spicher U (2003) Determination of residual gas fraction in IC engines. SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-3148Google Scholar
  7. Teng H (2011) A thermodynamic model for a single cylinder engine with its intake/exhaust systems simulating a turbo-charged V8 diesel engine. SAE Int J Engines 4(1):1385–1392Google Scholar
  8. Xu H, Fu H, Williams H, Shilling I (2002) Modelling study of combustion and gas exchange in a HCCI (CAI) engine. SAE Technical Paper 2002-01-0114Google Scholar
  9. Zücker W, Maly R, Wagner S (2001) Evolution-strategy based, fully automatic, numerical optimization of gas-exchange systems for IC engines. SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-0577Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neelkanth V. Marathe
    • 1
  • Sukrut S. Thipse
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nagesh H. Walke
    • 1
  • Sushil S. Ramdasi
    • 1
  1. 1.Automotive Research Association of IndiaPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations