Addiction-Related Health Problems

  • Kaveri Chakrabarty
  • A. S. Chakrabarty


Alcoholism, tobacco smoking, and drug abuse/drug dependence are the major social problems throughout the world. Sense of failure in life, problems in personal life, and mental tension drive a person to take shelter under alcohol, smoking, and drugs for relief. Cultural or family pressure and peer influences are other factors that are responsible for addiction. Consumption of alcohol, tobacco smoking, and illegal drugs are deleterious to health and cause adverse effect on health on most societies of the world. Severe alcoholism causes fatty liver followed by cirrhosis. Cirrhosis will result in complete dysfunction of the liver and ultimately will result in hepatic coma followed by death. The adverse ill effects of tobacco smoking on health are horrifying. In addition to many toxic chemicals such as nicotine, CO, and thiocyanate, many chemicals have been identified as carcinogens such as hydrogen cyanide, benzopyrene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aldehydes, and nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketones. Carcinogens travel throughout the body, causing cancer at various sites of the body due to their mutagenic effects. Euphoria, elevated mood, sedation, etc. are some of the effects of illegal drugs, which tempt an individual to adopt these drugs. The temporary pleasurable experience of drugs is followed by depression, anxiety, personality disorder like paranoid behavior and intense craving of the drug, which creates social problems, including violence. High dose induces convulsion and cardiorespiratory failure.


Alcohol Cirrhosis Tobacco smoking Cancer Drug abuse 


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Further Reading

  1. Kwok A et al (2019) Effect of alcohol consumption on food energy intake: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Nutr 121(5):481–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Peacock et al (2018) Global statistics on alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use: 2017 status report. Addiction 113(10):1905–1926CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaveri Chakrabarty
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. S. Chakrabarty
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyHansraj College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Physiology and BiophysicsSchool of Medicine, Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysiologyMaulana Azad Medical CollegeNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of PhysiologyJawaharlal Institute of Post-graduate, Medical Education and ResearchPuducherryIndia
  5. 5.Department of PhysiologyVardhman Mahavir Medical CollegeNew DelhiIndia

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