Advertisement

Classification of Carbon Nanotubes

  • Md Saquib HasnainEmail author
  • Amit Kumar Nayak
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Abstract

Based on the structure of the wall, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are of following two types (Balasubramanian and Burghard, Small 1:180–192, 2005; Foldvari and Bagonluri, Nanomed: Nanotechnol Biol Med 4:173–182, 2008a, b). These are Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs).

References

  1. K. Ajima, M. Yudasaka, T. Murakami, A. Maigné, K. Shiba, S. Iijima, Carbon nanohorns as anticancer drug carriers. Mol. Pharm. 2, 475–480 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. K. Balasubramanian, M. Burghard, Chemically functionalized carbon nanotubes. Small 1, 180–192 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. L.J. Carlson, T.D. Krauss, Photophysics of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes. Acc. Chem. Res. 41, 235–243 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. J. Chen, M.A. Hamon, H. Hu, Y. Chen, A.M. Rao, P.C. Eklund, R.C. Haddon, Solution properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Science 282, 95–98 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. D. Danailov, P. Keblinski, S. Nayak, P. Ajayan, Bending properties of carbon nanotubes encapsulating solid nanowires. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2, 503–507 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. M. Foldvari, M. Bagonluri, Carbon nanotubes as functional excipients for nanomedicines: I. Pharmaceutical properties. Nanomed.: Nanotechnol. Biol. Med. 4, 173–182 (2008a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. M. Foldvari, M. Bagonluri, Carbon nanotubes as functional excipients for nanomedicines: II. Drug delivery and biocompatibility issues. Nanomed.: Nanotechnol. Biol. Med. 4, 183–200 (2008b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. S. Iijima, M. Yudasaka, R. Yamada, S. Bandow, K. Suenaga, F. Kokai, K. Takahashi, Nano-aggregates of single-walled graphitic carbon nano-horns. Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 165–170 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. S.-R. Ji, C. Liu, B. Zhang, F. Yang, J. Xu, J. Long, C. Jin C, D.-l. Fu, Q.-X. Ni, X.-J. Yu, Carbon nanotubes in cancer diagnosis and therapy. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Rev. Cancer 1806:29–35 (2010)Google Scholar
  10. E. Joselevich, Electronic structure and chemical reactivity of carbon nanotubes: a chemist’s view. ChemPhysChem 5, 619–624 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. H. Kataura, Y. Kumazawa, Y. Maniwa, I. Umezu, S. Suzuki, Y. Ohtsuka, Y. Achiba, Optical properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes. Synth. Met. 103, 2555–2558 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Y.-K. Kwon, D. Tománek, Electronic and structural properties of multiwall carbon nanotubes. Phys. Rev. B 58, R16001 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. L. Liu, G. Guo, C. Jayanthi, S. Wu, Colossal paramagnetic moments in metallic carbon nanotori. Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 217206 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. T. Liu, I.Y. Phang, L. Shen, S.Y. Chow, W.-D. Zhang, Morphology and mechanical properties of multiwalled carbon nanotubes reinforced nylon-6 composites. Macromolecules 37, 7214–7222 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. L. Meng, X. Zhang, Q. Lu, Z. Fei, P.J. Dyson, Single walled carbon nanotubes as drug delivery vehicles: targeting doxorubicin to tumors. Biomaterials 33, 1689–1698 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. T. Murakami, H. Sawada, G. Tamura, M. Yudasaka, S. Iijima, K. Tsuchida, Water-dispersed single-wall carbon nanohorns as drug carriers for local cancer chemotherapy (2008)Google Scholar
  17. A.G. Nasibulin, P.V. Pikhitsa, H. Jiang, D.P. Brown, A.V. Krasheninnikov, A.S. Anisimov, P. Queipo, A. Moisala, D. Gonzalez, G. Lientschnig, A novel hybrid carbon material. Nat. Nanotechnol. 2, 156 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. T.W. Odom, J.-L. Huang, P. Kim, C.M. Lieber, Atomic structure and electronic properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Nature 391, 62 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. J.-P. Salvetat, J.-M. Bonard, N. Thomson, A. Kulik, L. Forro, W. Benoit, L. Zuppiroli, Mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes. Appl. Phys. A 69, 255–260 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. K. Shiba, M. Yudasaka, S. Iijima, Carbon nanohorns as a novel drug carrier. Nihon Rinsho Jpn. J. Clin. Med. 64, 239–246 (2006)Google Scholar
  21. V.S. Thakare, M. Das, A.K. Jain, S. Patil, S. Jain, Carbon nanotubes in cancer theragnosis. Nanomedicine 5, 1277–1301 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. M.-F. Yu, B.S. Files, S. Arepalli, R.S. Ruoff, Tensile loading of ropes of single wall carbon nanotubes and their mechanical properties. Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5552 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. S. Zhu, G. Xu, Single-walled carbon nanohorns and their applications. Nanoscale 2, 2538–2549 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PharmacyShri Venkateshwara UniversityAmrohaIndia
  2. 2.Department of PharmaceuticsSeemanta Institute of Pharmaceutical ScienceMayurbhanjIndia

Personalised recommendations